Foundations Week Review.pptx - FOUNDATIONS WEEK REVIEW THE COMMA \u2022 Separates the structural elements of a sentence into manageable segments \u2022 Misuse

Foundations Week Review.pptx - FOUNDATIONS WEEK REVIEW THE...

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FOUNDATIONS WEEK REVIEW
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THE COMMA
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Separates the structural elements of a sentence into manageable segments. Misuse of the comma ranks as one of the most common errors in punctuation The primary purpose of the comma is to make a sentence easy to read by indicating a brief pause between parts of the sentence that need to be separated.
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Use Commas with Items in a Series Marissa, Evan, and Kanisha skate, swim, and ski. Marissa enjoys skating, swimming, and skiing.
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Series of Phrases Marissa enjoys skating on ice, swimming in the ocean, and skiing down a snowy slope. Series of Clauses Marissa is an athlete who trains consistently, who eats sensibly, and who competes well.
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Note: USE THE OXFORD COMMA!!
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MISUSES OF THE COMMA 1. Do not place a comma before the first item in a series. The storm damaged, the roof, the windows, and the carpet. Correct Version The storm damaged the roof, the windows, and the carpet. 2. Do not place a comma after the last item in a series. The carpet was soggy, moldy, and smelly, because of flooding. Correct Version The carpet was soggy, moldy, and smelly because of the flooding.
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3. Do not place a comma between two words or phrases of equal importance joined with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). The twisting wind, and the unrelenting rain destroyed the house.
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