Strategic Sys Thinking 3.pdf - dividing it to sub objects The approach considers human beings as individuals with their own goals which may with or

Strategic Sys Thinking 3.pdf - dividing it to sub objects...

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8 dividing it to sub objects. The approach considers human beings as individuals with their own goals, which may with or opposite to their organization. Soft systems approach is oriented to learning process. This process with no end cycle, when action was taken, it will create a new situation with new properties. Then it will affect the system, this will lead to take new actions and so on. There is some criticism about soft systems approach, they consider it to explore the real world and did not provide final answers. In addition, this approach accepts that, issues are never ending. Another criticism is that, this approach not prophesying or controlling the environment compared with hard approach. But, its benefit is to obtain understanding between people. Critical Systems Thinking There is no specific definition for critical systems thinking. But. the approach believes in that, world is not harmonic. That mean, to create some changes that you need, it should be some debates between system users about important cases. These debates will create different perceptions and contradictions. These contradictions will be analysed to find agreement points and to choose the strategy. There are some commitments for Critical systems thinking, which are: critical awareness, social awareness, human emancipation, theoretical complementarity, and methodological complementarity. Critical awareness means to examine the assumptions and values of systems designs for current and future. Then, examine theoretical underpinnings of system techniques, methods and methodologies. Social awareness means to appreciate society practices and rules which make modes of practice in society is accepted or not.
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9 Human emancipation means to improve the quality of life and work in the organizations and community which they are working in. This will lead to achieve best development for the
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