POLS 366-Final Exam Study Guide.pdf - ATTEMPT ONE Similarities \u25cf In Japan and the US both party systems are made up of democractic parties Differences

POLS 366-Final Exam Study Guide.pdf - ATTEMPT ONE...

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ATTEMPT ONE: Similarities In Japan and the US, both party systems are made up of democractic parties. Differences: There is not a huge following for extremely left wing parties in the US. However, extremely left wing parties in Japan are very popular and have a large following. Japan has a multi-party, whereas the US has a two-party system. Dominant party in Japan is NOT and ideological party (LDP), it is a catch all party. However, in the US, BOTH of the dominant parties are ideologically based parties. Meiji Restoration Meiji Restoration is modeled greatly after European Powers (Germany, France). It occurred from 1868-1912. It ended the feudal system in Japan which allowed for a growing industrious class. It restored the imperial system. It replaced the genro with political parties. The Meiji Restoration ultimately resulted in a modernized Japan. Prior to the Meiji Restoration, Japan is considered pre-modern. Unionization in Japan is much higher than it is in the US. This is because the US is a country of immigrants who feels as if immigrants are taking their jobs. However, Japan has a homogeneous population that sees each other as one big family. They have more unions because they want wages and conditions for each other because they see each other as family instead of competition. In Japan, the relationship between unions and enterprises is also much better. In the US, unions see themselves as enemies of employers and the two have a very antagonistic relationship. Taika Reform (China): Japan adopted the Chinese language during the Taika Reform for book-keeping. Before this, Japan had no recorded history and can prove nothing. They also learned Confucian ideology from China. Meiji Restoration (Germany, France): During the Meiji Restoration, Japan learned modernization from European powers (specifically, Germany and France). American Occupation (US, GB): Japanese constitution is almost identical to the US constitution and their political system is modeled after that of Great Britain (monarchy). The Taika Reform is characterized by cultural borrowing. During the Taika Reform, Japan borrowed whole-sale from China. Prior to the Taika Reform, nothing is known about Japan. Japan borrowed bookkeeping from China and began to document their history in the Chinese language. Japanese history starts after the Taika Reform when they began to write things down. Japan can prove nothing prior to Taika Reform because they had not written anything down. Taisho Democracy began in 1912 and lasted until 1931. It was implemented under emperor Taisho when Japan began to find western democracy appealing. The US advised Japan to adopt democracy after WW2 because it did not want anymore wars. Taisho Democracy was the
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first time in Japan’s history that political leaders were business and not military officials. In turn, businessmen gained power at the expense of the military. Taisho Democracy lasted until the Great Depression. Following the Great Depression, Japan abandoned democracy because of the economic collapse which painted democracy and capitalism as a failure.
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  • Spring '14
  • Brittingham,M

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