PSY 100 NOTES - 8\/27 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY Inattentional Blindness \u25cf Simon and Chabris(1999 \u25cf Very easy to miss important things when attention


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8/27 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY - Inattentional Blindness Simon and Chabris (1999) Very easy to miss important things when attention is diverted MYTH of multitasking! Your mind doesn’t really multitask it just switches between tasks 8/29 - Consequences of Retrieval Testing can improve memory CHAPTER 1 - The Evolution of Psychology - What is Psychology? Scientific study of mind, brain, and behavior Profession and science - Why Science? In psychology (and all science) we must abandon relying on opinions (common sense!) About 3,500 self-help books are published each year - only 5% are tested! Pseudoscience = FAKE NEWS - The Development of Psychology: From Speculation to Science Wilhelm Wundt: University of Leipzig, Germany Established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in 1879 - Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism: focused on analyzing consciousness into basic elements Introspection: careful, systematic observation of one’s own conscious experience Hermann Ebbinghaus (1885); first experiments describing memory processes Functionalism (led by William James(1890)): focused on investigating the function or purpose of consciousness The Principles of Psychology Primary Memory: what you’re thinking about right here and right now in this moment
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