Greece, Part I- Early and Archaic Periods, 2000-500 BCE (1) (1).pdf

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 24

This preview shows page 1 out of 24 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 24 pages?

Unformatted text preview: GREECE PART I Part I: Early and Archaic Periods The Minoans The Mycenaeans The Dark Age Homer, Hesiod and Culture Advancements 2000-500 BCE THINGS TO KNOW “[The Greeks] sought to understand, in logical, rational terms, both the universe and the position of men and women in it. The result was the birth of philosophy and science--subjects that were as important to most Greek thinkers as religion.” JOHN MCKAY, HISTORIAN THINGS TO KNOW Reason, rationalism= ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ scientific advancement. Politics as a concept to be studied. Democracy. Creation of a “perfect society.” EARLY GREECE The Minoans ca. 2000 BCE-1400 BCE ❖ Island of Crete ❖ Palace/economic/political structures at center of cities EARLY GREECE The Minoans ca. 2000 BCE-1400 BCE “The Palace Economy” ❖ Politics/government/economics were the central points of Minoan civilization. ❖ Palaces located at center of cities, with religious centers on the outskirts of the region EARLY GREECE The Minoans ca. 2000 BCE-1400 BCE ❖ Civilization ended abruptly and violently around 1490 BCE. ❖ Archaeological evidence supports the possibility of an invasion. EARLY GREECE The Mycenaeans 2300 BCE-1180 BCE ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ Location: Greek mainland Warriors Conquered groups around Greece Adopted Minoan Palace economy The Mycenaeans 2300 BCE-1180 BCE EARLY GREECE ❖ Collapsed beginning around 1180 BCE, likely at the hands of the Sea Peoples. ❖ Most fortresses and fortified sites were destroyed. ❖ Only a few people stayed in towns in Mycenaean Greece. THE GREEK DARK AGE ❖ Period between fall of Mycenae and the rise of Greek city-states. ❖ Depopulation, poverty, invasion. ❖ Mycenaean migration east, into Anatolia (spread of early Greek culture). WRITING THE GREEK DARK AGE: HOMER & HESIOD ca. 725 BCE Literary attempts at filling in the Dark Age historical gap Homer: The Iliad and The Odyssey Hesiod: Theogeny, Works and Days HOMER The Iliad: ❖ the story of the Trojan War ❖ Quarrel btw King and Soldier ❖ Hubris Major themes: ❖ Honor ❖ Heroism ❖ Strife ❖ Foolishness of monarchy THE VALUE OF HOMER’S TEXTS ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ captures dominant attitudes of pre-classical Greeks provides a sense of history in a time without writing (dark age) provides a moral code of conduct for future greeks provides a concept of the “Hero,” role models, and analyses of gods GODS, ACCORDING TO HOMER Gods, according to Homer: ❖ less involved ❖ more isolated from people than the Hebrew God Aristocratic ❖ petty, jealous, aloof. SETTLEMENT 750-500 BCE ❖ Various tribes and groups migrated, settled ❖ Formed city-states ❖ Regional community spirit ❖ Societies based on rationalism/reason ❖ Religious, but not theocratic CITY-STATES ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ Independent regions Autonomous Independent military Separate culture ADVANCEMENTS IN ARCHAIC GREECE MILITARY HOPLITE PHALANX (HOP-lite FAY-lanx) ❖ A tightly-ordered unit of heavily-armed pike/spear-bearing infantrymen. CULTURE ADVANCEMENTS IN ARCHAIC GREECE ❖ The EPIC ❖ Massive, poetic stories describing individuals who defend a principle at their peril ❖ HERO: from the Greek meaning “to safeguard, defend, protect” ARCHAIC GREECE: RELIGIOUS FAITH & PRACTICE ❖ Each polis had typically one “patron deity,” ❖ some favorite heroes or demigods. ❖ A temple--or “house”--for the God was built by devotees and the state. Erectheum (Athena and Poiseiden) Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens Archaic Greece: Religious Faith and Practice The Original Gods, Adapted: ● Desires of the Gods “divinated” through Oracles Home of the Oracle of Delphi The Oracle at Delphi “At Delphi, Apollo spoke through the Pythia, a priestess who went into a trance. The utterances of Apollo at Delphi were known for being ambiguous. Because different people might interpret them in different ways, Apollo could not be blamed after the fact if things did not turn out as the listener expected . Politicians and poleis regularly consulted Delphi about public policy.” ...
View Full Document

  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors