Part II- First and Second Wave Civilizations, Patriarchy in Practice.pdf

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),567 $1' 6(&21' :$9( &,9,/,=$7,216# 3$75,$5&+< ,1 35$&7,&(
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&(175$/ $6,$1± 0,''/( ($67(51 62&,(7,(6
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/$: &2'(6 72 &2',)< *(1'(5 HAMMURABI: Authority of men must remain unquestioned Rape was only an offense if a woman was unmarried A man who rapes his wife is “the injured party”
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$66<5,$ “Respectable women” (married or under the sexual control of a man) were required to be veiled in public. Nonrespectable women (slaves, prostitutes, unmarried women) were restricted from wearing veils.
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$66<5,$ ASSYRIA (12th c. B.C.E.) If a °an is seduced ±y a °arried wo°an, ²here is no pena³²y agains² hi°. The <hus±and> is ²o i°pose wha²ever punish°en² he wishes on his wife. Bu² if he forced her and has ±een charged and convic²ed, he is ²o share her punish°en².
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$66<5,$ ²³´cW Fµ %µ&µ(µ¶ If a wo°an is s²i³³ ³iving in her fa²her’s house, ±u² her hus±and has died, her hus±and’s ±ro²hers (as ³ong as ²hey have no² ye² divided ²he inheri²ance, and ²here is no son <fro° ²he °arriage>) are ²o ²ake any orna°en²s ²ha² her hus±and gave her, and ²ha² she s²i³³ has. They are ²o pass wha² re°ains ±efore ²he gods and for°a³³y c³ai° i². They are no² ²o ±e co°pe³³ed ²o undergo ²he river-ordea³ or ²ake ²he oa²h.
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$66<5,$ ²³´cW Fµ %µ&µ(µ¶ If a °an has ²aken and raped ano²her °an’s virgin daugh²er, dishonoring her (she was ³iving in her fa²her’s house, was no² engaged, and her hy°en had no² ±een pene²ra²ed—since she had no² ±een °arried), and no one had a c³ai° on ²he fa²her’s house, ²he fa²her is ²o ²ake ²he rapis²’s wife and a³³ow her ²o ±e raped, and keep her, no² re²urning her ²o her hus±and.
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$66<5,$ ²³´cW Fµ %µ&µ(µ¶ O²her ²han prescri±ed pena³²ies for a °an’s wife, a hus±and °ay ±ea² his wife, pu³³ ou² her hair, or °u²i³a²e and ²wis² her ears, <when she deserves i²>. There is no injunc²ion agains² ²his.
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&/$66 ',67,1&7,216 Wealthy women may operate businesses ONLY on behalf of their husbands
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