Part III_ INDIA, Changes in Culture, Religion, & Government (1).pdf

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1C7IV7I:L7IZ/AT7IONSO4F 3EUR/AS7I/AP/ART 7I7I7I7IN2D7I/A1Changes in 1Culture±Religion± 5Government
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T7IM3E:L7IN3E#( 7IN2D7I/A513 BCE: Persians conquer Indus Valley and Kashmir500 BCE: Founding of Buddhism and Jainism400-200 BCE: evolution of Brahmanic religion into Hinduism326 BCE: Alexander enters Indus Valley322-185 BCE: The Mauryan Empire300 BCE: Jain splits into two sects269-232 BCE: Reign of Ashoka150 BCE-250 CE: Classical Period of Tamil Culture100 CE: Inclusive Mahayana Buddhism emerges200 CE: Code of Manu
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“7India’s5GR3E/ATR3E:L7I5G7IONS”
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8J/A7IN7ISMVardhamana Mahaviraca. 520 BCEMember of warrior casteAge 30: became a wandererFound “enlightenment”Became a “completed soul”
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8J/A7IN7ISMAccepted karma and samsara (rebirth)Adapted brahmanic doctrines to fit new ideas
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8J/A7IN7ISM“All human beings, animals, plants, inanimate objects, have living souls enmeshed in matter.”Matter accumulated through workings of karma
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8J/A7IN7ISMSouls “float or sink” depending on the amount of matter they are “enmeshed” within.Goal of the soul is to float to “the top of the universe”Will “forever remain in bliss” thereAscetics undertake suffering to shed matter
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8J/A7IN7ISMSome followers starved themselves to deathEating anything is eating a soulLater created a class system of sacred life formshumans animalsplantsinanimate objects
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8J/A7IN7ISMOriginally#( total nudity:Later#( two sects form± one group wearing only white robesOther traditions#(fastingnonviolencefeeding animalsmeditationsharing information°knowledge
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0BU2D2D6H7ISM
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0BU2D2D6H7ISMSiddhartha GautamaorShakyamuni (“sage of the Shakya tribe”Son of the tribal leaderWarrior classBorn in foothills of modern day Nepal
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0BU2D2D6H7ISMJOHN MCKAY“At age 29, unsatisfied with his life of comfort and troubled by the suffering he saw around him, he left home to become a wandering ascetic.”
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0BU2D2D6H7ISMLived with monksLived with extreme asceticsUnsatisfied with the extremesBegan preaching “The Middle Way”
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