Exam 2 Study Guide.docx - Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4-7 Chapter 4 Know what \u201clightening\u201d is and when it occurs When the baby shifts downward into

Exam 2 Study Guide.docx - Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4-7...

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Exam 2 Study Guide: Chapter 4-7 Chapter 4 Know what “lightening” is and when it occurs. When the baby shifts downward into the birth canal usually around the end of the 40 th week of pregnancy Know the different stages of labor. Stage 1 climaxes with transition. Know what happens in transition. Stage 1 opening of cervix and it thins Transition- climax trasition is the total opening of the cervix in order to deliver the baby Stage two delivery of baby Stage 3 birth of placenta Understand Apgar scores. Know why two Apgar ratings are given. Scores given 1min and 5 min after the baby is born to make suree the baby is healthy 2 scores are taken because spme babies don’t score well but after a few min their heath significantly progresses and adapts to the environment What did childbirth typically look like before the late 1800s? Where did it occur? Who helped? Family centered, in home, family members Differences in giving birth laying on back and in upright position. Upright positions shortens the time of giving birth because they contractions are stronger allowing the pushing to be more consistent When are induced labors justified? When the baby or mothers lives are in danger Know about cesarean deliveries and the trend in rates of c-sections. A incision in the abdomen and the baby is pulled from the uterus. 40 years ago not popular at all, now very common Factors often responsible for neonatal mortality. Serious birth defects and low birth rate Know about SIDS and factors that increase risks and decrease risks. Unexpected death of infant usually during the night younger than 1 years old Increased risk decreased risk= non smoking in home sleeping on back Sleeping on stomach Smoking in the home Mild respritory infection
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Chapter 5 Know what synaptic pruning is. Neurons seldoly stimulated that return neurons not needed at the
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