8 ANCIENT GREECE HELLENISTIC POWERPOINTS.docx - ANCIENT GREECE HELLENISTIC POWERPOINTS HERODOTUS 490-405 First Greek to describe events of recent past

8 ANCIENT GREECE HELLENISTIC POWERPOINTS.docx - ANCIENT...

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ANCIENT GREECE HELLENISTIC POWERPOINTS HERODOTUS 490 -405 First Greek to describe events of recent past Explained causes of events The Histories From Greek word historia -inquiry or research Originally meant to be orally recited No distinction between myth and history in Greece Subject matter: war & politics to analyze human behavior Preoccupation with the great man Offered moral judgments Strengths Attempted rational explanation of causes But did not exclude the gods entirely Tied geography to history Research = travel, oral sources, eyewitnesses Verified sources Weaknesses Gullible In the absence of evidence he resorted to popular belief - called “father of lies” Included extraneous excursuses – geology, race, language, agriculture THUCYDIDES 460 - 395 History of the Peloponnesian War Focused on immediate past Political historian Focus on political man Men act in their own interests Used composed speeches to analyze underlying causes Did not offer moral judgments Strengths Talked to participants – eyewitnesses Aimed at total impartiality High degree of factual truthfulness for the times Excluded the fantastic, the gods and extraneous information Weaknesses Did not give opposing accounts Chose what seemed most appropriate Said speeches were close to what they said but admitted that he made them say what seemed appropriate – a contradiction
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TYPES OF GREEK GOVERNMENTS Citizenship in Greece based on ability to bare arms Women did not bare arms hence they were never full citizens Tyranny Lydian word for king - originally one who had no claim to the throne / later took on pejorative connotation Monarchy Rule by one Aristocracy Rule by the best Oligarchy Rule by the few Often rich and powerful Timocracy Property qualifications for office Democracy
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