7 ANCIENT CHINA.docx - ANCIENT CHINA SHANG DYNASTY 1766 1172 B.C Product of military conquest Centralized government Rigid hierarchy(stratified Warriors

7 ANCIENT CHINA.docx - ANCIENT CHINA SHANG DYNASTY 1766...

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ANCIENT CHINA SHANG DYNASTY 1766 - 1172 B.C. Product of military conquest Centralized government Rigid hierarchy (stratified) Warriors at top Elaborate bureaucracy (becomes organized and stratified-Chinese set up civil service exams) Villages organized around clans Peasants lived outside the cities Took common clan name Bronze work Polytheistic Afterlife Elaborate tomb sacrifices / genesis of ancestor veneration Writing Different dialects of Chinese language are brought together by the writing language (uninflected: subject has a case ending that indicates the subject) Started in Mesopotamia as a form of record keeping for inventory Egyptian writing provided information about high class people ZHOU (CHOU) DYNASTY 1100-221 B.C. Pronounced “jo” Political unrest / warfare Western and eastern periods Yin and Yang: white is bright, warm, hot: black is moist, dark, fertile (complementary) Mandate of heaven The ruler has to rule with the will of God: “He who wins has the mandate of heaven, he who loses, lost it.”
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