16 MONGOLS & OTTOMAN TURKS.docx - MONGOLS OTTOMAN Turks PASTORALIST SOCIETIES Developed after agriculture Developed in Central Asia fringes of

16 MONGOLS & OTTOMAN TURKS.docx - MONGOLS OTTOMAN Turks...

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MONGOLS & OTTOMAN Turks PASTORALIST SOCIETIES Developed after agriculture Developed in Central Asia, fringes of Sahara Desert, Arabia Characteristics Kinship was basis of community Patriarchal Physically demanding, violent, warlike Highly mobile Animals were basis of society Textiles important (mobile) Depended on agriculturalists for survival (Part-societies) War / trade Pioneered overland routes in Asia, Europe, Africa Facilitated transfer of technology, religion, commerce, new crops, disease GHENGIS KHAN 1167-1226 Nomad from Mongolia Real name was Temuchin 1206 elected Ghengis Khan “Universal Ruler" Ferocious, ruthless, wise Codification of law in Yasa Initiated the conquest of the largest Afro-Eurasian empire in history Empire was completed by his sons / grandsons Divided into 4 khanates Led to Pax Mongolica Connected Europe, Middle East, China, Southeast Asia YUAN DYNASTY 1279 – 1368 (“Eternal,” “everlasting”) Required long war with Chinese (1215 – 1279) Dynasty founded by Khubilai Khan (1215 – 1294) Very wise (wife Chabi)
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