aged&disabled.PDF - Preamble The main objectives of the \u201cPersons with Disabilities(Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation

aged&disabled.PDF - Preamble The main objectives of the...

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Pream ble The main objectives of the “Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1996 enacted by the Government of India on January 1, 1996 are to create barrier free environment for persons with disabilities and to make special provisions for thejntegration of persons with disabilities into the social mainstream. Chapter VII of the Act, Sections 44 to 46 deal with non-discrimination in transport on the roads and in the built environment. It enjoins upon the governments and local authorities to ensure within their economic capacity provision for installation of auditory signals at red lights in the public roadsforthe benefit of persons with visual handicaps, kerbs and slopes to be made in pavements for the easy access of wheel chair users, devising appropriate symbols of disability and warning signals at appropriate places. In regard to non-discrimination in the built environment, provisions have been made in this Act for ramps in public buildings, adaptation of toilets for wheel chair users, Braille symbols and auditory signals in elevators. In order to create a barrier free environment in consonance with the provisions of the Act, the Government of India (Ministry of Urban Affairs & Employment) is currently engaged in the process of amending/modifying the existing building bye-laws which would be applicable to all buildings and facilities used by the public. With this intention to ensure that everyone, including the physically disabled and elderly persons ,will have equal access in every day life in the city, the Min. of UA&E has constituted a committee under the chairmanship of DG(W), CPWD with the following members for the purpose of developing comprehensive Guide lines and space Standards for barrier free built environment for disabled and elderly persons. 1. Director General (Works), CPWD Chairman 2. Chief Architect I, CPWD Member Convener 3. Chief Planner, TCPO Member 4. Chief Architect, DDA Member 5. Chief Architect, MCD Member 6. Chief Engineer, MCD Member The access standards codes have taken into consideration the access needs of diverse disability groups, such as persons with mobility, speech, hearing, and visual impairments by meeting disabled peoples standards for safety, convenience and usability. . 2
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This “Guidelines and space standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for Disabled and Elderly Person” have also considered the comments received from School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) CBRI, Handicapped Welfare Federation (NGO) and National Federation of Blind (NGO). The scopes and responsibilities which have been identified in various organisations will include the followings: ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS * There should be a conscious attempt of all educationists to develop young architects/planners with an awareness of creating barrier free environment for physically handicapped.
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