Lecture1 DS and Algorithm(2).pptx - Data Structure Algorithm DESHINTA ARROVA DEWI What Are Data Structures 1 and Algorithms Good For By real-world data

Lecture1 DS and Algorithm(2).pptx - Data Structure...

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Data Structure & Algorithm DESHINTA ARROVA DEWI
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What Are Data Structures and Algorithms Good For? 1. Real-world data storage 2. Programmer’s tools 3. Modeling Real-World Modeling Some data structures directly model real-world situations. The most important data structure of this type is the graph. You can use graphs to represent airline routes between cities or connections in an electric circuit or tasks in a project. Other data structures, such as stacks and queues, may also be used in simulations. A queue, for example, can model customers waiting in line at a bank or cars waiting at a toll booth. Programmer’s Tools: Not all data storage structures are used to store real-world data. Typically, real-world data is accessed more or less directly by a program’s user. Some data storage structures, however, are not meant to be accessed by the user, but by the program itself. A programmer uses such structures as tools to facilitate some other operation. Stacks, queues, and priority queues are often used in this way. By real-world data, mean data that describes physical entities external to the computer. As some examples, a personnel record describes an actual human being, an inventory record describes an existing car part or grocery item, and a financial transaction record describes, an actual check written to pay the electric bill.
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