APUSH Vocab Terms - Period 4 - Chapter 7 Barbary Pirates North African pirates that seized U.S ships during Thomas Jefferson\u2019s presidency Jefferson

APUSH Vocab Terms - Period 4 - Chapter 7 Barbary Pirates...

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Chapter 7 Barbary Pirates - North African pirates that seized U.S. ships during Thomas Jefferson’s presidency. Jefferson ordered the U.S navy to attack the home ports of the pirates Significance: Jefferson’s action showed that he could solve problems for the country, specifically in foreign affairs. John Marshall - An American politician who served as the fourth chief of justice of the US from 1801-1835 Significance - Used Federalist approaches to build a strong federal government over the opposition of the Jeffersonian Republicans Judiciary Act of 1801 - Law that the Federalist Congress passed to increase the number of federal courts and judicial positions. It was overturned by Jeffersonian Republicans. Marbury v Madison - A court case in which a commission was withheld from Marbury, a judge appointed by John Adams, during Jefferson’s presidency. Significance: Established the principle of judicial review, meaning that courts have the power to strike down laws and unconstitutional government acts. Louisiana Purchase - The US purchase of the Louisiana Territory which extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from France for $15 million in 1803. Gave the US control of the mississippi river and the port city of new orleans, both of which were good for shipping. Treaty of Ghent - The treaty that secured peace between the United States and Great Britain, ending the War of 1812. Significance: Ended tensions between the two countries but did not address the issue of impressment. Chesapeake Incident - British warship attacked the U.S. navy vessel Chesapeake, killing 3, wounding 18, and seizing 4 alleged deserters. Significance: This incident was a significant event that led up to the war of 1812. Embargo Act of 1807 - Prohibited American ships from leaving the US for any foreign port. Significance - Destroyed New Englands shipping capacity and seriously damaged American markets. Battle of Tippecanoe - Battle near Prophetstown in 1811 where american forces led by William Henry Harrison defeated the followers of the Shawnee Prophet and destroyed the town. Significance - The US victory lowered indian power and ended the threat of an Indian Confederation. War Hawks - Members of Congress from the West and South who wanted to go to war with Britain. Significance - They campaigned for war with britain in hopes of stimulating the economy and gaining new territory in Canada. Hartford Convention - meeting of Federalists near the end of the war of 1812 in which the party listed it’s complaints against the ruling Republican Party. Actions were largely viewed as traitorous to the country and the federalists lost influence. Burr Conspiracy - Aaron Burr proposed to separate the western states from the union and form a new republic under English protection but England refused to listen to his plan.
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