perniagaan online syariah.pdf - Perniagaan Online Syariah Suatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum Perikatan Islam Suhartono Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten

perniagaan online syariah.pdf - Perniagaan Online Syariah...

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Volume 1 Nomor 2, Desember 2010259Perniagaan Perniagaan Perniagaan Perniagaan Perniagaan Online Online Online Online Online Syariah:Syariah:Syariah:Syariah:Syariah:Suatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum PerikatanSuatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum PerikatanSuatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum PerikatanSuatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum PerikatanSuatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Hukum PerikatanIslamIslamIslamIslamIslamSuhartonoPengadilan Agama Kabupaten Gresik Jawa Timursuhartono_71@yahoo.comAbstract:Abstract:Abstract:Abstract:Abstract:Along the vast development in information technology, it creates a newvariant in business relation, that once was primarily physical with papers asthe transaction mechanism tools, shifts into a more virtual relationshippattern using digital media or well known as electronic commerce (e-commerce).There has been a transformation in the jurisdictional review towardsagreement forms, from the conventional trading using textual documentwith “tinta basah” and physical contact in a real space, into a digital modelwhere all the documents are made in a cyber space.This transaction model provides several benefits within its operational,nevertheless its presence also emerges new complex legal problems regardingthe legality of a contract or an agreement, especially in the Islamic lawperspective. Does an Islamic bonding law also accommodate this e-commerce transaction model?KeywordsKeywordsKeywordsKeywordsKeywords: e-commerce, online contract, online business.PendahuluanPendahuluanPendahuluanPendahuluanPendahuluanBeragam pendapat dikemukakan oleh para pakar teknologi infor-masi dan praktisi bisnis dalam mendefinisikan perniagaan online (e-commerce). David Baum mendefinisikan “E-commerce is a dynamic set oftechnologies, applications, and business process that link enerprises,consumers, and communities through electronic tansactions and theelectronic exchange of goods, services, and information”. E-commercemerupakan satu set dinamis teknologi, aplikasi dan proses bisnis yang
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260Jurnal MuqtasidSuhartonomenghubungkan perusahaan, konsumen dan komunitas tertentu melaluitransaksi elektronik dan perdagangan barang, jasa dan informasi yangdilakukan secara elektronik. Sementara Amir Hartman mendefinisikan e-commercesebagai suatu jenis dari mekanisme bisnis secara elektronik yangmemfokuskan diri pada transaksi bisnis berbasis individu dengan mengguna-kan internet sebagai media pertukaran barang atau jasa baik antara duainstitusi (business to business) maupun antarinstitusi dan konsumen langsung(business to consumer)(Asnawi, 2004:15).Lebih lanjut, berdasarkan United Nations Commission on Inter-national Trade Law (UNCITRAL), Model Law on Electronic Commerce withGuide to Enactment dinyatakan sebagai berikut:“The term ‘commercial’ should be given a wide interpretation so asto cover matters arising from all relationship of a commercial naturewhether contractual or not. Relationships of a commercial natureinclude, but are not to, the following transactions: any tradetransaction for the supply or exchange of goods or services; distri-bution agreement; commercial representation or agency; factoring;leasing; construction of works; consulting; engineering; licensing;investment; financing; banking; insurance; exploitation agreement
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