Chapter Five APUSH Terms - Conscience Whigs Definition Anti-slavery Whigs Significance-Opposed both the Texas annexation and the Mexican war on moral

Chapter Five APUSH Terms - Conscience Whigs Definition...

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Conscience WhigsDefinition - Anti-slavery Whigs.Significance -Opposed both the Texas annexation and the Mexican war on moral grounds.Wilmot ProvisoDefinition - Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the war with Mexico.Significance -Prohibited the expansion of slavery into any territory acquired by the United States from Mexico.Free Soil MovementDefinition - Did not want end of slavery but they wanted to keep the West a land of opportunity for whites only so that the white majority would not have to compete with the labor of slaves or free blacks.Significance -Helped to contribute to the Civil War because it helped to create tension between the North and South.California Gold RushDefinition - Thousands of miners travel to Northern California after news reports of the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in January of 1848 had spread around the world.Significance -This caused Californians to apply for statehood in 1849.Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoDefinition - Ended Mexican-American War.Significance -Mexico gave up all claims to land from Texas to California for $15 million.Ostend ManifestoDefinition - Confidential 1854 dispatch to the U.S.State Department from American diplomats meeting in Ostend, Belgium, suggesting that the U.S. would be justified in seizing Cuba if Spain refused to sell it to the U.S.Significance -When word of the document leaked, Northerners seethed at this "slaveholders plot" to extend slavery.Bleeding KansasDefinition - Series of violent events involving anti-slavery and pro-slavery concepts.Significance -Pro-slavery forces terrorizing the anti-slavery settlers.Stephen DouglasDefinition - Man who created the Nebraska-Kansas Act, ran for president against Lincoln, wanted to expand westward and give Chicago the upper hand of having the railroadSignificance -He destroyed the Compromise of 1850 and The Missouri Compromise of 1820, indirectly created the Republican Party, with his Nebraska-Kansas act, which further sectionalized the north and south territories.Popular SovereigntyDefinition - Notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery. Significance -Seemingly a compromise, it was largely opposed by Northern abolitionists who feared it would promote the spread of slavery to the territories.Compromise of 1850Definition - Admitted California as a free state, opened New Mexico and Utah to popular sovereignty, ended the slave trade (but not slavery itself) in Washington D.C., and introduced a more stringent fugitive slave law. Significance -Widely opposed in both the North and South, it did little to settle the escalating the escalating dispute over slavery.Fugitive Slave ActDefinition - Passed as part of the Compromise of 1850, it set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled all law enforcement officers to participate in retrieving runaways.
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