econ.pptx - Colonialism and Economic Developments in Africa Army-Baylor University Graduate Program in Health Administration LTC Jennifer Stowe O.D

econ.pptx - Colonialism and Economic Developments in Africa...

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Colonialism and Economic Developments in Africa Army-Baylor University Graduate Program in Health Administration LTC Jennifer Stowe, O.D. Seminar in World Economic Systems Article Review (UNCLASSIFIED)
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Authors 2 Not an Economist
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Berlin Conference: 1884-1885 The conference divided Africa into colonies. Led to 90% of the continent under European Control. “Scramble for Africa” Reasons for the Scramble : End of Slavery . Rudyard Kipling poem White Man’s Burden . Moral obligation to help the “savages”. Loss of Autonomy. Paternalistic view. Curse of Resources : Vertical Integration of raw materials from Africa to Europe. Dutch Dz Africa focuses on cash crops not technology or production. Europe focuses on tech Nationalism / Imperialism/ Nation Building Background 3
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Dividing of Africa 4
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Would Africa’s economic development have been different without colonialism? Did colonization help Africa? Research Questions 5
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Dependency theory : states that advanced and industrialized nations have been able to develop because of the existence of less- developed “satellite” states. Satellite nations are anchored to, and subordinate to, advanced countries because of the international division of labor. Satellite countries are thus dependent on advanced nations and incapable of charting their own economic path. Economic Theories 6
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Colonialism is defined as the policy of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Over-all Negative legacies Despotism Negative ethnicity Aid dependency Underdevelopment Economic Theories 7
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Benign colonialism : is defined as a “supposed form” of colonialism in which benefits outweighed risks for indigenous populations whose lands, resources, rights and freedoms were preempted by a colonizing nation-state.
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