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Running head: WHAT IS ABA?1What is ABA?Kendra P. MitchellCapella University
WHAT IS ABA?AbstractApplied behavior analysis (ABA) can be described as the science of behavior, and this science is governed by what can be referred as the dimensions of ABA (Baer, Wolf, & Risley, 1968). Each dimension of ABA will be discussed in detail in the context of two articles. One article can be considered behavior analytic under the dimensions of ABA, while the other article lacks these basic principles of ABA. Each dimension of ABA that is present will be identified along with the justification as to why it falls under that particular dimension. The second article will also be discussed in regards to why it is not behavior analytic based on the dimension of ABA. 2
WHAT IS ABA?What is ABA?There are seven dimensions of ABA as described by Baer, Wolf, and Risley (1968). The seven dimensions consist of conceptual systems, applied, behavioral, analytical, technological, effective, and generality (Baer et al., 1968). Each dimension canbe used to explain what ABA is and how it differs from other sciences. When analyzing the article written by Marsic, Berman, Barry, and McCloskey (2015), the dimensions of ABA not all present. The second article, written by Krentz, Miltenberger, and Valbuena (2016) reveals each dimension of ABA, categorizing the study as behavior analytic. The first dimension of ABA that can be identified is the dimension of conceptual systems, which is defined as being relative to the basic standards of ABA (Baer et al., 1968). Conceptual SystemsKrentz et al., (2016) conduct a study in which a system of token reinforcement is used in order to increase the behavior of walking for adults that are intellectually disabled. Theoretical foundations used in the study consisted of preference assessments, interobserver data collection, and token reinforcement (Krentz et al., 2016). Preference assessments, interobserver data collection, and token reinforcements are all procedures used to explain behaviors in terms of the basic principles of ABA (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). In order to be considered conceptually systematic, procedures have to beapplicable in regards to the basic principles of ABA (Baer et al., 1968). Because of these theoretical foundations, the study conducted falls under the branch of being conceptually systematic. The second article assesses the correlation between self-injurious behavior that is deliberate, with “the Loudness Dependence of Auditory Evoked Potential in Research 3