CompVisionaries.docx - TECHNOLOGY VISIONARIES Gordon E Moore In 1965 Gordon Moore predicted the number of transistors the industry would squeeze onto a

CompVisionaries.docx - TECHNOLOGY VISIONARIES Gordon E...

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TECHNOLOGY VISIONARIES Gordon E. Moore In 1965 Gordon Moore predicted the number of transistors the industry would squeeze onto a computer chip would double every year, while the price per transistor would drop just as dramatically. This prediction, known as Moore’s Law, held true until 1975 when he updated his prediction to a doubling every two years. The performance increase is unprecedented in any other industry in human history and plays a large part in driving our modern economy. The total number of transistors on a chip has gone from hundreds to billions since 1970. Moore was born in San Francisco, California, in 1929. He earned a BS in chemistry and physics from the California Institute of Technology. He is considered a founding father of Silicon Valley, as he was a cofounder of chip maker Intel Corporation in 1968 and originally served as executive vice president. He became president and CEO in 1975, then chairman and CEO in 1979. Jack S. Kilby The 2000 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to 76-year-old Jack Kilby for his work on the integrated circuit, which paved the way for the technological revolution known as the “Information Age.” The development of the integrated circuit permitted gigantic gains in computer power. Kilby’s first integrated circuit, about the size of a thumbnail, was built in 1958. His novel idea was to develop the numerous electrical transistors in the chip’s circuit from a single block of material, rather than assembling them with wires and other components. Kilby’s work led to integrated circuits without which the personal computer would not have been possible. Also credited with coinventing the pocket calculator, Kilby worked for Texas Instruments until 1970 and then became a freelance inventor. He held more than 60 patents and has been awarded honorary degrees from three universities. Kilby said he had no idea how much his microchip would expand the field of electronics. Until his death in 2005, he still listened to music on a turntable and did not own a cell phone. Kilby received half of the $915,000 Nobel Prize. The other half was shared by two physicists who invented semiconductor heterostructures. The Nobel Prize is usually awarded for an abstract theoretical insight or an experimental technique. This was the first time the award was given for engineering rather than pure science. As a nod to the worldwide impact of the Internet, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences gave the prize to three men whose work enabled the growth of computer technology.
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  • Spring '14
  • JoyA.Dougherty

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