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Theories of Counseling Chart As you progress through this course, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week, complete the “Enter text here” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course. You will be able to refer to this personalized chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy. Adlerian Theory. Existential Therapy. Gestalt Therapy. Person-Centered Therapy. Behavioral Therapy. Cognitive Therapy. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). Reality Therapy. Feminist Therapy. Complementary and Alternative Therapies. Narrative Therapy. Solution-Focused Therapy. Family Systems. Integrative Therapy. 1
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy Key Concepts What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? A deterministic approach that states our behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations, and biological and instinctual drives Problems are developed in early childhood where we encounter and internalize shame and guilt. Theory of Change How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? The therapist utilizes a “blank screen” approach to create a transference relationship in which the client can project onto them. For the client to change, they must work through the transference relationship in which they resolve old patterns to create new ones. Interventions What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? - Free association - Interpretation - Dream analysis - Analysis and interpretation of resistance and transference Who Is in Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor? What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction? The client takes the leading role in the interaction while the counselor remains non-judgmental and listens carefully, asks questions, and makes interpretations. Clients are expected to express themselves openly and freely in order to work through old patterns. Web Resources Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more? Newport Psychoanalytic Institution: American Psychoanalytic Association: Practitioner in my area: Scholarly Articles, Books, and Resources on the Theory

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