Chapter17Notes.pdf - Chapter 17: • What were the different...

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Chapter 17:What were the different approaches to the Reconstruction of theConfederate states?Northern IndustryCivil war elevated the power of “captains of industry” in the north and southern plantationelites lost their power. During war north dominated congress passed tariffs which doubledthe import duties. It helped northern industries to flourish. First transcontinental railroad wasbuilt between north and central parts from Omaha Nebraska to Sacramento, California.Homestead act of 1862 gave 160 acres to settlers for free. The sale of federal lands to statesprovided funds to create colleges of “agriculture and mechanic arts” such measures helpedstimulate the North’s economy in the years after the civil war.Southern DestructionThe postwar south was completely devastated, along the path of union army, the entire landwas completely burned out. Throughout the south property values collapsed. Confederatemoney and bonds were worthless. Most railroads were damaged, cotton that escapeddestruction was seized by federal troops.Emancipation wiped out $4 billion investment inslaves.The great age of expansion in the cotton industry was over.Sugar crop and tobaccoalso met the same fate. Old rice industry in South Carolina and Georgia never recovered afterwar.The emotional devastation caused by the war was worse than physical destruction.Many families lost husbands or sons and many lost their limbs.Freedman's BureauThe Freedman’s Bureau was a congressional support agency providing food, clothing, andeducation for freed slaves. Ex-slave states were divided into districts that were managed byassistant commissioners. Despite its benefits, the breau failed to establish the free slaves aslandowners.It organized the African American vote for the Republican Party, creating great animositytoward the bureau in the south.Even though slaves were emancipated in the south, their integration into Southern societywould lead to conflicts with whites over land ownership, political rights, and their place insociety.Lincoln 10% PlanLincoln believed that seceded states should be restored to the union quickly and easily with“Malice toward none, with charity for all”. Lincoln’s “10% plan” allowedsoutherners,excluding high-ranking confederate officers and military leaders, to take an oath promisingfuture loyalty to the Union and an end to slavery.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Roux
Tags
Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, Southern United States, Reconstruction era of the United States

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