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ibm.com/redbooksWebSphere ApplicationServer V7 Administrationand Configuration GuideFabioAlbertoniLeonard BluntMichael ConnollyStefan KwiatkowskiCarla SadtlerThayaparan ShanmugaratnamHenrik SjostrandSaori TanikawaMargaret TicknorJoerg-Ulrich VeserLearn about WebSphere ApplicationServer V7Configure and administer aWebSphere systemDeploy applications
WebSphere Application Server V7Administration and Configuration GuideMarch 2010International Technical Support OrganizationSG24-7615-01
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2009-2010.All rights reserved.Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADPSchedule Contract with IBM Corp.Second Edition (March 2010)This edition applies to WebSphere Application Server V7.Note:Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in“Notices” on page xiii.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2009-2010. All rights reserved.iiiContentsNotices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiiiTrademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xivPreface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvThe team who wrote this book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvNow you can become a published author, too! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviiiComments welcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xixStay connected to IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xixSummary of changes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiMarch 2010, Second Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiPart 1.Basic administration and configuration techniques. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Chapter 1.System management: A technical overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.1System management overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.1.1Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.1.2Directory conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.1.3Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.1.4System management tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.2System management in a standalone server environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.3System management of multiple standalone servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.4System management in a distributed server environment . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.4.1Centralized changes to configuration and application data. . . . . . . . 141.4.2Rules for process startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.4.3Distributed process discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.4.4Configuration and application data repository. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181.4.5File synchronization in distributed server environments . . . . . . . . . . 251.5Management of distributed and standalone servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321.6Java Management Extensions (JMX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351.6.1JMX MBeans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361.6.2JMX usage scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361.7Centralized Installation Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371.8IBM Support Assistant V4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37Chapter 2.Working with profiles on distributed systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . 412.1Types of profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422.1.1Application server profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432.1.2Deployment manager profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
ivWebSphere Application Server V7 Administration and Configuration Guide2.1.3Custom profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442.1.4Cell profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442.1.5Administrative agent profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442.1.6Job manager profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452.1.7Profile generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472.2Planning for profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472.3Building systems with profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472.3.1Starting the PMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482.3.2Common panels and steps for all profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502.3.3Creating an application server profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622.3.4Creating a deployment manager profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722.3.5Creating a cell profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762.3.6Creating a custom profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772.3.7Federating nodes to a cell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822.3.8Creating an administrative agent profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 902.3.9Creating a job manager profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952.3.10Registering nodes to an administrative agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952.3.11Deregistering a node from the administrative agent . . . . . . . . . . . . 992.3.12Registering an administrative agent node with a job manager . . . . 992.3.13Registering a deployment manager with a job manager. . . . . . . . 1032.4Managing profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1052.4.1Using the manageprofiles command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1052.4.2Getting help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1062.4.3Getting a list of profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1072.4.4Creating a profile with the manageprofiles command. . . . . . . . . . . 1072.4.5Creating a profile in silent mode with PMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1092.4.6Deleting profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Chapter 3.

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