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PHILOS 2D03 – RELIGST 2C03:BioethicsMid-Term Exam ReviewNote:1)This review is intended to direct your study of the text and lectures and notreplace such study.2)Only material on this exam guide may appear on the test.3)Theexam itself will take placein class on Friday, October 27, and will consist of10short-answer questions, of which8 must be answered.1) AbortionDefined: Termination of a pregnancy accompanied by, resulting in, or closelyfollowed by, the death of the embryo or fetusTypes of Abortion:1.Spontaneous Abortion: spontaneous expulsion of a human fetusduring the first 12 weeks of gestation — compare miscarriage2.Therapeutic Abortion: induced expulsion of a human fetusPro-Life Movement: Argues that all abortion is murder, and should be illegaland/or no tax funding should go towards abortions.Pro-Choice Movement:Argues that since it concerns the woman's body,abortion is a woman’s choice that should be recognized as a legitimatemedical procedure warranting both legal protection and public funding.*likely won’t ask for a definition of abortionjust know itA) John Finnis:Abortion and Health Care Ethics1.Human genetic information determines candidacy for personhood2.To say that an embryo or a fetus is only ‘potentially a person’ is to make‘personhood’ either an unreachable goal or an arbitrary convention (or both)3.Persons have rights because of the sanctity of lifehuman beingshaveintrinsic value(i.e. life is inherently valuable as given by God)andinviolable rights(i.e. the right to persist in existence)4.The duties of non-maleficence and benevolence apply to all persons equally5.The personhood of the fetus is sufficient to overcome the pregnant woman'sright to choose over her own body6.Because abortion violates the rights of persons, it should be consideredtantamount to murder and, thus, illegal and immoral*against the morality of abortionB) Judith Jarvis Thompson -A Defense of Abortion
Even iffetuses were persons (dubitable claim), women have the right to lifeand a self-determination that overrides the needs of the fetusViolinist Thought Experiment:1.The person (mother) has no obligation to the violinist attached to anddepending on her2.The person (mother) has a right to self-defense3.The person (mother) and violinist (fetus) are not two equal persons ina house. The formeris‘the house’ and rightfully owns it. The lattercannot, therefore, claim an intrinsic right to her body.4.While permitting the violinist to use your body, may be asupererogatory act (good Samaritan), you are notmorally obligatedtodo so, andmaydefend yourself against their use of your body5.Meaning of thought experiment: The right to life does not involve theright of one person to the use of another person’s body,evenif suchuse is necessary for the former’s survival6.The fetus does not have a right to the use of the body of the womanthat overrides the woman’s right to self-determination and defense, sothe womanmay

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Term
Spring
Professor
StefanRodde
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