William Shakespeare - Troilus and Cressida (Webster's Thesaurus Edition) (2006).pdf

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Unformatted text preview: TROILUS AND CRESSIDA Webster’s Thesaurus Edition for PSAT®, SAT®, GRE®, LSAT®, GMAT®, and AP® English Test Preparation William Shakespeare PSAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation neither of which sponsors or endorses this book; SAT is a registered trademark of the College Board which neither sponsors nor endorses this book; GRE, AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the Educational Testing Service which neither sponsors nor endorses this book, GMAT is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admissions Council which is neither affiliated with this book nor endorses this book, LSAT is a registered trademark of the Law School Admissions Council which neither sponsors nor endorses this product. All rights reserved. Troilus and Cressida Webster’s Thesaurus Edition for PSAT®, SAT®, GRE®, LSAT®, GMAT®, and AP® English Test Preparation William Shakespeare PSAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation neither of which sponsors or endorses this book; SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board which neither sponsors nor endorses this book; GRE®, AP® and Advanced Placement® are registered trademarks of the Educational Testing Service which neither sponsors nor endorses this book, GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admissions Council which is neither affiliated with this book nor endorses this book, LSAT® is a registered trademark of the Law School Admissions Council which neither sponsors nor endorses this product. All rights reserved. ICON CLASSICS Published by ICON Group International, Inc. 7404 Trade Street San Diego, CA 92121 USA Troilus and Cressida: Webster’s Thesaurus Edition for PSAT®, SAT®, GRE®, LSAT®, GMAT®, and AP® English Test Preparation This edition published by ICON Classics in 2005 Printed in the United States of America. Copyright ©2005 by ICON Group International, Inc. Edited by Philip M. Parker, Ph.D. (INSEAD); Copyright ©2005, all rights reserved. All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. Copying our publications in whole or in part, for whatever reason, is a violation of copyright laws and can lead to penalties and fines. Should you want to copy tables, graphs, or other materials, please contact us to request permission (E-mail: [email protected]). ICON Group often grants permission for very limited reproduction of our publications for internal use, press releases, and academic research. Such reproduction requires confirmed permission from ICON Group International, Inc. PSAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation neither of which sponsors or endorses this book; SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board which neither sponsors nor endorses this book; GRE®, AP® and Advanced Placement® are registered trademarks of the Educational Testing Service which neither sponsors nor endorses this book, GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admissions Council which is neither affiliated with this book nor endorses this book, LSAT® is a registered trademark of the Law School Admissions Council which neither sponsors nor endorses this product. All rights reserved. ISBN 0-497-25367-4 iii Contents PREFACE FROM THE EDITOR .......................................................................................... 1 PERSONS REPRESENTED ................................................................................................ 3 PROLOGUE ...................................................................................................................... 5 ACT I ................................................................................................................................ 7 ACT II ............................................................................................................................. 43 ACT III ............................................................................................................................ 73 ACT IV .......................................................................................................................... 103 ACT V ........................................................................................................................... 137 GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................... 173 William Shakespeare 1 PREFACE FROM THE EDITOR Designed for school districts, educators, and students seeking to maximize performance on standardized tests, Webster’s paperbacks take advantage of the fact that classics are frequently assigned readings in English courses. By using a running thesaurus at the bottom of each page, this edition of Troilus and Cressida by William Shakespeare was edited for students who are actively building their vocabularies in anticipation of taking PSAT®, SAT®, AP® (Advanced Placement®), GRE®, LSAT®, GMAT® or similar examinations.1 Webster’s edition of this classic is organized to expose the reader to a maximum number of synonyms and antonyms for difficult and often ambiguous English words that are encountered in other works of literature, conversation, or academic examinations. Extremely rare or idiosyncratic words and expressions are given lower priority in the notes compared to words which are “difficult, and often encountered” in examinations. Rather than supply a single synonym, many are provided for a variety of meanings, allowing readers to better grasp the ambiguity of the English language, and avoid using the notes as a pure crutch. Having the reader decipher a word’s meaning within context serves to improve vocabulary retention and understanding. Each page covers words not already highlighted on previous pages. If a difficult word is not noted on a page, chances are that it has been highlighted on a previous page. A more complete thesaurus is supplied at the end of the book; Synonyms and antonyms are extracted from Webster’s Online Dictionary. Definitions of remaining terms as well as translations can be found at . Please send suggestions to [email protected] The Editor Webster’s Online Dictionary PSAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation neither of which sponsors or endorses this book; SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board which neither sponsors nor endorses this book; GRE®, AP® and Advanced Placement® are registered trademarks of the Educational Testing Service which neither sponsors nor endorses this book, GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admissions Council which is neither affiliated with this book nor endorses this book, LSAT® is a registered trademark of the Law School Admissions Council which neither sponsors nor endorses this product. All rights reserved. 1 William Shakespeare PERSONS 3 %REPRESENTED PRIAM, King of Troy HECTOR, } TROILUS, PARIS, DEIPHOBUS, HELENUS, his sons. MARGARELON, a bastard son of Priam AENEAS, ANTENOR, } Trojan commanders. CALCHAS, a Trojan priest, taking part with the Greeks PANDARUS, uncle to Cressida AGAMEMNON, the Greek general MENELAUS, his brother ACHILLES, AJAX, ULYSSES, NESTOR, DIOMEDES, PATROCLUS, } Grecian commanders. THERSITES, a deformed and scurrilous Greek ALEXANDER, servant to Cressida SERVANT to Troilus SERVANT to Paris Thesaurus bastard: (adj, n) illegitimate, fake; (adj) contorted, warped, shapeless, servant: (n) manservant, domestic, twisted, deform. ANTONYMS: (adj) spurious, phony, misbegotten, lackey, maid, employee, flunkey, bastardly, adulterine, impure; (n) beautiful, flawless, unflawed, perfect, retainer, boy, footman, flunky, menial. ANTONYMS: (n) master, whoreson, love child, illegitimate straight. child. ANTONYM: (adj) fathered. priest: (adj, n) clergyman, divine; (n) mistress. brother: (n) fellow, blood brother, uncle: (n) father's younger brother, minister, ecclesiastic, churchman, associate, counterpart, crony, pastor, celebrant, parson, cleric, elder uncle, father's older brother, comrade, buddy, peer, chum, presbyter, chaplain. father's sister's husband, husband of sidekick, monk. ANTONYMS: (n) scurrilous: (adj) opprobrious, paternal aunt, maternal uncle, niece, enemy, opposer, opponent. insulting, offensive, foul, rude, benefactor, EME, helper, kinsman. deformed: (adj) distorted, misshapen, coarse, scornful, obscene, ribald, injurious; (adj, v) scurrile. bent, malformed, ugly, crippled, 4 Troilus and Cressida SERVANT %to Diomedes HELEN, wife to Menelaus ANDROMACHE, wife to Hector CASSANDRA, daughter to Priam, a prophetess CRESSIDA, daughter to Calchas TROJAN and GREEK SOLDIERS, and ATTENDANTS Thesaurus daughter: (n) child, son, maiden, young woman, daughterly, lass, unmarried woman, damsel, miss, missy, virgin. prophetess: (n) seeress, pythoness, clairvoyant, prophet, oracle, Druidess. wife: (n) matron, missis, partner, married woman, spouse, consort, helpmate, housewife, lady, woman, viscountess. William Shakespeare 5 PROLOGUE PROLOGUE. In %Troy, there lies the scene. From isles of Greece The princes orgulous, their high blood chaf'd, Have to the port of Athens sent their ships Fraught with the ministers and instruments Of cruel war. Sixty and nine that wore Their crownets regal from the Athenian bay Put forth toward Phrygia; and their vow is made To ransack Troy, within whose strong immures The ravish'd Helen, Menelaus' queen, With wanton Paris sleeps--and that's the quarrel. To Tenedos they come, And the deep-drawing barks do there disgorge Their war-like fraughtage. Now on Dardan plains The fresh and yet unbruised Greeks do pitch Their brave pavilions: Priam's six-gated city, Dardan, and Tymbria, Ilias, Chetas, Troien, And Antenorides, with massy staples And corresponsive and fulfilling bolts, Sperr up the sons of Troy. Now expectation, tickling skittish spirits On one and other side, Trojan and Greek, Sets all on hazard. And hither am I come A prologue arm'd, but not in confidence Of author's pen or actor's voice, but suited In like conditions as our argument, To tell you, fair beholders, that our play Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, Beginning in the middle; starting thence away, Thesaurus hither: (adv) here, whither, August, imposing, stately, magnificent. ANTONYMS: (adj) hitherward, thither. massy: (adj) bulky, ample, undignified, modest, poor. skittish: (adj) nervous, timid, excitable, voluminous, heavy, considerable, coy, lively, fearful; (n) freakish, weighty, ponderous, compacted, in fantastic, crotchety, fanciful; (v) mass, beamy. o'er: (adv) on, upon, across. mettlesome. ANTONYMS: (adj) ransack: (v) loot, pillage, seek, despoil, solemn, calm, confident. tickling: (adj) sexually arousing, comb, rifle, rake, raid, sack, pry, foray. titillative, titillating, tingling, regal: (adj) noble, imperial, grand, stinging, prickling, exciting, erotic; (n) titillation. purple, royal, dignified, kingly, unbruised: (adj) undissolved, undestroyed. vaunt: (n, v) boast, gasconade; (v) brag, swagger, flourish, bluster, gas, show off, blow, crow, gloat. wanton: (adj) loose, dissolute, light, licentious, unchaste, lewd, debauched, unprovoked; (v) dally; (n, v) sport; (adj, v) flirt. ANTONYMS: (adj) moral, wise, nice, kind, gentle, decent, clean, careful, observant, justifiable, involuntary. 6 Troilus and Cressida To what may be digested in a play. Like or find fault; do as your pleasures are; Now good or bad, 'tis but the chance of war.% Thesaurus chance: (n, v) hazard, adventure, risk, v) blame, crime. ANTONYMS: (n) central. ANTONYMS: (adj) extreme, venture, bet; (n) fortune, probability, strength, virtue, capability, outer, late, early; (adj, n) outside; (n) opportunity; (adj) accidental; (adj, n) innocence, perfection, credit, ease; (v) extremity, perimeter, beginning, end, contingency; (v) befall. ANTONYMS: praise, absolve. circumference, surface. (adj) intentional, deliberate, designed, find: (v) catch, detect, encounter, come pleasures: (n) pleasure. arranged, planned, foreseeable; (n, v) across, feel, attain, ascertain; (n) starting: (adj) opening, initial; (n) start, plan; (n) predictability, misfortune, detection, disclosure, search, commencement, first, outset, kickoff, certainty; (v) protect. discovery. ANTONYMS: (v) origin, departure, origination, onset. digested: (adj) mature, digestible. misplace, search, fail; (n) loss. thence: (adv) therefore, thus, fault: (adj, n, v) deficiency; (n) error, middle: (n) heart, hub, core, center; therefrom, thereof, consequently, (adj, n) mean, median, mid; (adj) blot, delinquency, flaw, break, then, so, thereafter, thenceforth, blunder; (adj, n) failing, blemish; (n, intermediate, halfway, mediate, since, on account of. William Shakespeare 7 ACT I SCENE I. TROY. BEFORE PRIAM'S PALACE [Enter TROILUS armed, and PANDARUS.] TROILUS. Call here my varlet; I'll unarm again. Why should I war without the walls of Troy That find such cruel battle here within? Each Trojan that is master of his heart, Let him to field; Troilus, alas! hath none.% PANDARUS. Will this gear ne'er be mended? TROILUS. The Greeks are strong, and skilful to their strength, Fierce to their skill, and to their fierceness valiant; But I am weaker than a woman's tear, Tamer than sleep, fonder than ignorance, Less valiant than the virgin in the night, And skilless as unpractis'd infancy. Thesaurus alas: (adv) unluckily, regrettably, sadly, unhappily, sorry to say; (n) oh; (int) lackaday. ANTONYM: (adv) luckily. fierceness: (n) ferocity, violence, cruelty, force, brutality, rage, intensity, strength, vehemence, wildness, ferociousness. ANTONYMS: (n) friendliness, calmness, meekness. infancy: (n) babyhood, cradle, beginning, birth, genesis, minority, early childhood, youth, nonage, dispossess, divest. adolescence, early days. ANTONYM: valiant: (adj) brave, courageous, (n) maturity. intrepid, fearless, heroic, audacious, ne'er: (adv) never, certainly not. gallant, daring, dauntless, stout, skilful: (adj) adroit, practised, stalwart. ANTONYMS: (adj) afraid, experienced, cunning, expert, despicable. varlet: (n) rascal, knave, page, dextrous, clever, adept, proficient, practiced, good. attendant, scoundrel, mean wretch, troy: (n) city, Ilion, ilium, metropolis, cullion, scalawag, scallywag, system of weights, troy weight. rapscallion, scamp. unarm: (v) demilitarize, demilitarise, deprive, strip, render harmless, 8 Troilus and Cressida PANDARUS. Well, I have told you enough of this; for my part, I'll not meddle nor make no further. He that will have a cake out of the wheat must tarry the grinding.% TROILUS. Have I not tarried? PANDARUS. Ay, the grinding; but you must tarry the bolting. TROILUS. Have I not tarried? PANDARUS. Ay, the bolting; but you must tarry the leavening. TROILUS. Still have I tarried. PANDARUS. Ay, to the leavening; but here's yet in the word 'hereafter' the kneading, the making of the cake, the heating of the oven, and the baking; nay, you must stay the cooling too, or you may chance to burn your lips. TROILUS. Patience herself, what goddess e'er she be, Doth lesser blench at suff'rance than I do. At Priam's royal table do I sit; And when fair Cressid comes into my thoughts, So, traitor! 'when she comes'! when she is thence? PANDARUS. Well, she look'd yesternight fairer than ever I saw her look, or any woman else. TROILUS. I was about to tell thee: when my heart, As wedged with a sigh, would rive in twain, Lest Hector or my father should perceive me, Thesaurus baking: (adj) hot, scorching, roasting, matter, substance, imponderable, complete, finish. traitor: (n) betrayer, conspirator, burning, boiling, sweltering, torrid; baking powder. (n) cookery, cooking, stoving, firing. meddle: (v) intervene, interfere, Judas, renegade, rat, quisling, ANTONYM: (adj) fresh. deserter, cheat, collaborationist; (adj) intrude, monkey, interpose, fiddle, blench: (v) blanch, recoil, quail, blink, pry, dabble, interlope; (n) insurgent, mutineer. ANTONYMS: interference; (adj) moil. ANTONYM: (n) loyalist, patriot. flinch, bleach, shrink back, shrink, (v) disregard. wedged: (adj) impacted, cuneiform, cringe, cower, whiten. bolting: (n) sifting. rive: (v) rip, rend, split, pull, burst, jammed, fast, compacter, stuck, e'er: (adv) ever, forever. divide, maul, wedge, rift, crack, tear. compact. ANTONYM: (adj) free. kneading: (n) massage, milling, tarry: (v) linger, loiter, stay, remain, yesternight: (n) last night. petrissage, rubdown. delay, lag, dally, dawdle, bide, rest; leavening: (n) leaven, yeast, barm, (adj) pitchy. ANTONYMS: (v) William Shakespeare 9 I have, as when the sun doth light a storm, Buried this sigh in wrinkle of a smile. But sorrow that is couch'd in seeming gladness Is like that mirth fate turns to sudden sadness.% PANDARUS. An her hair were not somewhat darker than Helen's, well, go to, there were no more comparison between the women. But, for my part, she is my kinswoman; I would not, as they term it, praise her, but I would somebody had heard her talk yesterday, as I did. I will not dispraise your sister Cassandra's wit; but-TROILUS. O Pandarus! I tell thee, Pandarus, When I do tell thee there my hopes lie drown'd, Reply not in how many fathoms deep They lie indrench'd. I tell thee I am mad In Cressid's love. Thou answer'st 'She is fair'; Pour'st in the open ulcer of my heart Her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, her voice, Handlest in thy discourse. O! that her hand, In whose comparison all whites are ink Writing their own reproach; to whose soft seizure The cygnet's down is harsh, and spirit of sense Hard as the palm of ploughman! This thou tell'st me, As true thou tell'st me, when I say I love her; But, saying thus, instead of oil and balm, Thou lay'st in every gash that love hath given me The knife that made it. PANDARUS. I speak no more than truth. TROILUS. Thou dost not speak so much. Thesaurus dispraise: (n) disparagement, disapproval, deprecation, detraction, blame, denigration, condemnation, animadversion; (v) disparage, criticize, reprehend. gait: (n, v) pace, step, tread, footstep, rate, stride, action; (n) walk, carriage, movement, velocity. gash: (n, v) slash, scratch, tear, wound, slit, break, rip, slice, crack, score; (n) fissure. heard: (n) hearing. kinswoman: (n) relative, aunt, auntie, abuse, disgrace, reprimand, invective; (v) accuse, chide, condemn; aunty, kinsman, kindred, kin, detail, (n) condemnation. ANTONYMS: (n, description, consanguinity, blood v) praise; (v) commend, approve; (n) relation. mirth: (adj, n) merriment, jollity; (n) compliment, commendation, amusement, happiness, delight, joy, approval. whites: (n) thirds. hilarity, cheerfulness, festivity, gladness, exhilaration. ANTONYMS: wrinkle: (n, v) crease, crinkle, fold, (n) gloom, sadness, misery. rumple, crumple, furrow, pucker; (v) ploughman: (n) rustic, farm worker, ruffle; (n) gather, line; (adj, v) curl. ANTONYMS: (v) unfold, straighten; farmhand, plower, fieldhand. reproach: (n, v) blame, rebuke, charge, (n) smoothness. 10 Troilus and Cressida PANDARUS. Faith, I'll not meddle in't. Let her be as she is: if she be fair, 'tis the better for her; an she be not, she has the mends in her own hands.% TROILUS. Good Pandarus! How now, Pandarus! PANDARUS. I have had my labour for my travail, ill thought on of her and ill thought on of you; gone between and between, but small thanks for my labour. TROILUS. What! art thou angry, Pandarus? What! with me? PANDARUS. Because she's kin to me, therefore she's not so fair as Helen. An she were not kin to me, she would be as fair on Friday as Hel...
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