Exam 2- Study Guide - Culture A composite of enduring...

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Culture- A composite of enduring behaviors, attitudes, ideas, and traditions held by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next. Subculture- Ex. From the South Individualistic people are more likely to make the fundamental attribution error. Individualism is more likely in men Ethnicity- Common ancestry.. Shared by others- An aspect of social identity, defined by common ancestry and cultural heritage shared by others. Ethnic Self-awareness- If and how much you choose to identify with your ethnicity. Norms- Rules for accepted and expected behavior. Ex. Personal space norms. Intimate Zone- Touching to 18inches. Personal Distance- 1.5-4 feet- Regular conversation. Social Distance- 4-12 feet- For people you don’t know well Public Zone- 12 plus feet Ex. Class Roles- Norms that define how you are supposed to behave. 1. Roles come in pairs- ex. To be a father you need a son. 2. Roles are based on a relationship and are flexible. Role Ambiguity- Unsure of your role Ex. New job Interrole Conflict- Conflict on which role to play-two clashing roles Ex. Parents come to visit and treat you like a child when your friends know you as a stud.
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Intrarole Conflict- Conflict within a role Ex. As a Student-do you go to class or party? Person-role Conflict- Person is incompatible with role- Ex. I can’t lie so I have trouble being a liar is some cases. Role-Overload- Either one or many roles are too much to handle. Ex. Student w/ 18 hours and having to babysit. We usually prioritize-Ex. Drop some credit hours. Effects of Role Playing- We absorb a new role- Ex. Newly Weds and the Zimbardo Experiments Role Reversal- Can help in Ex. Therapy –they start to sympathize with other side.
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