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Unformatted text preview: Salons-informal gatherings, usually sponsored by middle-class or aristocratic women, that provided a forum for new ideas and an opportunity to establish new intellectual contacts among supporters of the enlightenment; works that could not be published officially were read aloud. The French word means living rooms Voltaire- Adam Smith-John Wesley-Middle class- Freemasons-members of Masonic lodges, which were based on the rituals of stonemasons guilds and provided a place where nobles and middle class professionals and even some artisans shared interest in the enlightenment and reform; lodges drew up constitutions and voted in elections. The movement began in Great Britain and spread eastward across Europe. Immanuel Kant-Denis Diderot- Encyclopedia-David Hume-Abbe Raynal-Montesquieu-Jean-Jacques Rousseau-Great Awakening-Bourgeois-...
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- Fall '05