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hist1010 Final Exam Review

hist1010 Final Exam Review - History 1010 Final Exam Review...

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History 1010 Final Exam Review Boer War (p.985) – (1985) War between Britain and Boer inhabitants of South Africa for control of the region. Lasting between 1899 and 1902, the war convinced many British people that the empire was wrong or at least too costly to maintain. Unaccustomed to defeat, the British government did not accept it easily. For the next 3 years it fought the Boer War directly against the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, causing unease and outrage in Britain. Britain finally annexed the area after defeating the Boers in 1902 but the cost of war in money, destruction, demoralization and loss of life was enormous. Conservatism (p.808) – Political doctrine that emerged after 1815 and rejected much of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, preferring monarchies over republics, tradition over revolution and established religion over Enlightenment skepticism, People insisted on having reasons to believe in their “restored” governments. This was the political doctrine that justified restoration. Liberalism (p.812) – An economic and political that emphasized free trade and the constitutional guarantees of liberals were favorable of the Enlightenment but critical of the violence of the French Revolution. Origins traced back to the writings of John Locke and the Enlightenment philosophy. Socialism (p.813) – Social and political doctrine that advocated the reorganization of society to overcome the new tensions created by industrialization; early socialists emphasized the need to restore social harmony through communities based on cooperation rather than competition. Socialists believed that the liberties advocated by liberals only benefited the middle class. Nazi Soviet Pact (p.1077) – Agreement reached in 1939 by Germany and the Soviet Union where both agreed not to attack the other in case of war. The agreement secretly divided up territory that would later be conquered. If one country became embroiled in war, the other country would remain neutral. Two dictators secretly agreed to divide Poland and the Baltic States (Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania) League of Nations (p.1023) – International organization set up following WWI to maintain peace y arbitrating disputes and promoting collective security. Setup by the Peace of Paris; Woodrow Wilson’s vision, the league would guide the world toward disarmament, monitor labor conditions around the world, and arbitrate its members and disputes. Duma (p.989) – Russian parliament setup in the aftermath of the outbreak of the Revolution of 1905. Few Russians could actually vote for representatives, but it held out promise to those of all classes. “Representative body created by the Tsar.” Nuremberg Laws (p.1064) – Legislation in 1935 that deprived Jewish Germans of their citizenship and imposed many other hardships on them. Ended special consideration for Jewish war veterans and prohibited marriage between a Jew and a German.
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Proletariat (p.907) – The working class, or in Marxist terms, those who do not control the
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hist1010 Final Exam Review - History 1010 Final Exam Review...

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