Fuko.docx - 1 Explain the theoretical significance of the \u201cauthor function,\u201d as formulated by Foucault(\u201cWhat Is an Author?\u201d How does

Fuko.docx - 1 Explain the theoretical significance of the...

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1. Explain the theoretical significance of the “author function,” as formulated by Foucault (“What Is an Author?”). How does Foucault’s conception relate to the arguments of Barthes’ “Death of the Author?” Explain how the general premise of displacing an individual, biographical person with an impersonal “function of discourse” figures throughout Foucault’s thinking (for instance in his notion of the episteme, his debate with Chomsky, etc.). The importance of the concept of "author function " lies in a complete reconsideration of the role of the author, and, moreover, this concept further clarifies Foucault's approach to understanding “the subject”. To begin with, the" author function" does not concentrate on the figure of the author as a person, as it was in the period of modern (19 th century): here Foucault raises a significant problem: what can be attributed to the works of the author? Can personal letters, accounts and bills also be attributed to the work of a certain author?). On the contrast, Foucault pays attention to how the text is formed. In other words, the " author function " is a certain type of discourse. To clarify Foucault's approach, it can be considered on the example of Leo Tolstoy. His name (the author's name) characterizes only a certain part of "existence of discourse", distinguishing Tolstoy`s novels from others. Hence, Tolstoy, being the author of "War and peace" and "Anna Karenina", is also the author of "Resurrection ". Despite the fact that these works are different from each
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