Exploration Document DraftShima ShiraziHUM200Cultural ArtifactsIntended audience for this essay is high school and college students who like to learn about artifacts that share a main theme to create an essay.My first work which is “The Lamentation” is a painting created by an artist called Giotto di Bondone in early fourteenth century around the year 1305 in Italy. I also like to share about Giotto's work motives beyond this painting that he could pursue to make him as one of the main characters to improve Fresco style in Italy, and he also became an important role to improve painting in the renaissance era.I like to bring two quotations extracted from my sources found to support my claim about how Giotto's approach inspired by Messiah and his earthly family could improve his paintings and also expand Fresco Style in Italy. According to Eva Frojmovic, the Author of one of my sources, I can tell that Giotto had been a pioneer in using psychology, physiognomy, and the art of rhetoric which is a persuasion approach of painting in his artifacts. He mainly used the holy family as a stimulus in his masterpieces. The author is wondering how Giotto could alone take care of the conceptualization of his work to improve his approach to paint his ideas. “The young Tuscan painter had been given responsibility for decorating the entire inner surface of the church with a set of frescoes picturing the life of the Virgin, the Passion of Jesus, the Last Judgment, the Virtues and Vices, the Evangelists and Church Fathers, and a number of small Old Testament scenes. The execution of the work was apparently by Giotto alone, but what about the conceptualization? Who helped him devise such a complex program of images?" (Frojmovic, 2007).1
In my other sources found to support my claim about Giotto's paintings authored by Michelle A. Erhardt, I have retrieved a paragraph to address this fact that Giotto had been using the Holy Family as his main aspiration to improve the Fresco Style in Florence, Italy. “By the mid-centurynumerous fresco cycles depicting the Infancy of the Virgin were painted in Florence, many in Franciscan contexts, paralleling the Order’s support for Scotus’s teachings on the Immaculate Conception." (Erhardt, 2008)My other work is a piece of melody retrieved from a Cantata called “Jesu, Joy of man desiring”. This melody was originally created by a German musician called Johann Schop and later was modified by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1716. Bach could deliver his cantatas in musicalperformances for churches, and could convey an extraordinary collection to be studied by well-known artists like Mozart and Beethoven succeeding him. Bach could improve different melodies to religious motives to be served in churches mainly in Leipzig, Germany. He decided to modify motives as a result of inviting his work schedule to liturgical calendar, and he could improve them to better meet church's expectations from cantatas. I can tell that Bach wanted to dedicate his tribute and gratitude to messiah by composing this precious piece of art.