Socrates paper.doc - In Platou2019s Apology Socrates has...

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In Plato’s Apology, Socrates has been put to trial by the citizens of Athens (and Meletus being the prosecutor) for multiple crimes he is accused to have committed which are all related to his teachings of Philosophy, including being a non believer of Gods and inventing new deities, corrupting the youth of Athens, inquires into things below the earth and in the sky, making weaker arguments overcome the stronger etc. Supporting Socrates and considering his sins one by one - First and foremost Socrates wants to deal with false accusations made by the older accusers, those who Socrates considers are most dangerous as they have been after him since a long time and have contaminated the minds of young people and the jury too over the long years. The very first accusation against him is, “Socrates commits injustice and is a busybody, in that he investigates things beneath the earth and in the heavens, makes the weaker arguments stronger, and teaches these things to other.”( line 19 b). Socrates, like Thales and Anaxagoras, is charged with being a physicalist, a person who believes that everything is physical but Socrates defends he is not a physicalist or a natural philosopher since he believes in a non -physical soul and is far from speculating anything physical. He asks the men of Athens to come up with any instance where they have heard him conversing about any of these mentioned subjects and since none could, it proved he was innocent. Socrates, like Gorgias and Hippas, is also charged of being a Sophist but this is not true as he has never charged any fees for imparting the philosophical knowledge for educating others as Sophists did and as he says,” In any case, none of them is true. And if you’ve heard from anyone that I undertake to educate people and charge fees, that’s not true either.”(line 19 d). Socrates is also charged with a slanderous reputation because of the wisdom he possesses and this too he clarifies comes from when Chaerephon questions the Oracle at Delphi about who is the wisest to which the oracle confirmed it was Socrates. Quoting what he says as a response,” What can the god be
saying? What does his riddle mean? For I’m only too aware that I’ve no claim to being wise in anything great or small. What can he mean, then, by saying I’m the wisest? Surely he can’t be lying,

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