IAS 45 Reading Chart.pdf - Themes Chapter 10(1000-1300 CE...

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Themes Chapter 10 (1000-1300 CE) Trade, Religion, and Culture Chapter 11 (1300 - 1500) Crisis and Recovery in Afro-Eurasia Chapter 12 (1450-1600) Contact, Commerce, Colonization Agents of Change Natal Alienation? Trade, Religious interconnection and tension, Political schisms, War Writing, Weaponry, Maritime Trade The Black Death: environment as a disease climate changes during the “little ice age” of 1300s - Famine - proliferation of rodents and fleas spread through pastoral to urbanized centers along trade routes - port cities hit hardest - Religion became conduit for reformation Exploration - Magellan (1519) - Drive to Build Empires = Oversea Empires - Colonization Protestant Reformation - changing power of Europe Columbian Exchang e - Europe and Americas - Conquistadores Upward Mobility and Trade Development of Maritime Trade - 1000 CE - Anchorages - commercial hubs, expansions facilitated buy compasses, mapmaking, shipbuilding - the magnetic needle - first used in Guangzhou (Canton) - system of navy protection spread and allowed easy trade - Entrepôts - allowed ships to drop commodities at ports of large cities - Alexandria, Quilon, Melaka, Quanzhou - textiles, silks, tropical fruits, horses, spices more traded - China was biggest into trade - iron production during Song - porcelain, handicrafts, government had new form of currency - desire for Gold from Africa - rise of paper money - Mansa Musa of Mali Empire - Connection of trade networks allowed commercialization of west Africa - Swahili People of South and East Africa Traded with India - Slave trade flourished like gold trade - growth of plantation labor Mongols: took over Abbasid - Chinggis Khan - towards Great Wall and to Persia and afganistan - Grandson and brother Hugalu conquered Iran, Syria, Egypt, Byzantium, - Kubilai Khan conquered China, Tibet, India — there were ruthless and bloody - slaughtered muslims - Trade interconnection of Mongol Yuan dynasty created the exact routes which were the conduits of the black death - especially along the old Silk Road - Mediterranean Sea and South China Sea - People effected by the disaster turned to religion to get them through and to establish new political order- The leader of this renaissance was western Europe and the resurgence of Christianity - Roman and greek ideas - Rise of the dynasty through religious backing - Ming China - use of divine authority - Europe monarchs claimed divine right - Ottoman - carrying the “banner of Islam” - use of clear rules to set standards and balance - legal systems, punishments, taxes, new governance - Rise of Sugar and Silver - rise of humanists - rise of cosmopolitan and independent Europe Reestablishment of trade - rise of monarchy - standardization religion - unprecedented political and economic powers - via marriage, religion, bureaucracy - changing of power because of different opinions towards trade (Ottoman v. China) Old and New Trade: Indian Ocean and China Seas - new routes to South and East Asia, Atlantic Coast of Africa, India - filed by demand for silver The Columbian Exchange - imported pathogens wiped out 90% of Amerindian populations - Amerindians forced to teach Europeans

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