psych 1000 chapter 2

psych 1000 chapter 2 - Psych Chapter 2 Peripheral nervous...

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Psych Chapter 2 Peripheral nervous system- the nerves connecting the central nervous system to the rest of the body Behavioral genetics- a field of research that uses twin studies and adoption studies to investigate the relative effects of heredity and environment on behavior Chromosomes- root-shaped structures in the nuclei and body cells, which contain all the genes and carry all the genetic information necessary to make a human being Genes- the segments of DNA that are located on the chromosomes and are the basic units for the transmission of all hereditary traits Plasticity- the capacity of the brain to adapt to changes such as brain damage Split-brain studies- a surgical procedure performed to treat sever cases or epilepsy, in which the corpus callosum is cut, separating the cerebral hemispheres. Lateralization- the specialization of one of the cerebral hemispheres to handle a particular function FMRI- a brain imaging technique that reveals both brain structure and brain activity more precisely and rapidly than PET. PET Scan- a brain imaging technique that reveals activity in various parts of the brain, based on patterns of blood flow, oxygen use, and glucose consumption. MRI-
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psych 1000 chapter 2 - Psych Chapter 2 Peripheral nervous...

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