psych 1000 chapter 5 - PSY1000 Exam#3 Study Guide Chapter 5...

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PSY1000 Exam #3 Study Guide Chapter 5 Classical conditioning : type of learning where you learn to associate one stimulus with another Conditioned reflex : a learned involuntary response Conditioned response : (CR) aroused when a conditioned stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus are paired together Conditioned stimulus : (CS) a neutral stimulus that when paired with an unconditioned response brings about a conditioned response Discriminative stimulus : a stimulus that signals whether a response should be rewarded, ignored, or punished. Extinction in classical conditioning : the weakening and eventual loss of condition responses as a result of the conditioned and unconditioned stimulus not being presented together Extinction in operant conditioning : the weakening and eventual loss of conditioned responses because there is no reinforcement Law of effect : Thorndike, states that the consequence or effect of a response will determine in the future if that action will be strengthened or weakened. Learned helplessness : when you are passive when presented with aversive conditions because of repeated exposure to these events Learning : permanent change in behavior, knowledge, capability, or attitude that is acquired through experience and cannot be attributed to illness, injury, or maturation. Negative Reinforcement : occurs when a bad situation is taken away because of the response that a person gives. This only increases the probability that the response will happen again Observational learning
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