psych 1000 exam #5 - Psychology Exam 5 Chapter 131 Health...

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Psychology Exam 5 Chapter 13- 1. Health psychology- The subfield within psychology that s concerned with the psychological factors that contribute to health, illness, and recovery. 2. Stress- The physiological and psychological response to a condition that threatens or challenges a person and requires some form of adaptation or adjustment 3. Fight-or-flight response- A response to stress in which the parasympathetic nervous system triggers the release of hormones that prepare the body to fight or flee. 4. Stressors- Any stimulus or event capable of producing physical or emotional stress. 5. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)- Developed by Holmes and Rahe. Measures stress by ranking different life events from most to least stressful and assigning a point value to each event. One of the main shortcomings of the SRRS is that it assigns a point value to each life change without taking into account how an individual copes with that stressor. 6. Conflicts- Approach-approach: Making a choice, even among equally desirable alternatives can be stressful. (ex. What movie to see, minor things). Avoidance-avoidance: A conflict arising from having to choose between undesirable alternative. (ex. Avoid studying for an exam, but avoid failing it). Approach-avoidance: A conflict arising when the same choice has both desirable and undesirable features. (ex. Wanting to take a great vacation, but not wanting to spend all the money in your bank account). 7. Posttraumatic stress disorder- A prolonged and severe stress reaction to a catastrophic event or to sever, chronic stress. Symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive memories that make a person feel as if they are re-experiencing it. Suffer increased anxiety and startle easily, poor concentration. Survivor guilt- War survivors experience this because they lived while other people died; some feel hat perhaps they could have done more to save others. 8. Selye’s work- Established the field of stress research. Developed the concept of stress is the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) which is the predictiable sequence of reactions (alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages) that organisms show in response to stressors. 9. Alarm stage- The first stage of the general adaptation syndrome, in which the person experiences a burst of energy that aids in dealing with the stressful situation. Resistance stage- The second stage of the general adaptation syndrome, when there are intense physiological efforts to either resist or adapt to the stressor. Exhaustion stage- The third stage of the general adaptation syndrome, which occurs if the organism fails in its efforts to resist the stressor.
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10. Coping- Efforts through action and thought to deal with demands hat are perceived as taxing or overwhelming.
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