soc3040 exam2 - McMichael Chapter 4 Articles 20-36...

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McMichael Chapter 4 Articles 20-36 Dependency theory and world system theory NICs (pg. 88-89) (Newly Industrialized Countries) Export Oriented industrialization (pg. 88-89) (Dependency Theory) World Factory (pg. 89-92, including China as a case study) ·Maquiladoras (pg. 90) Export Processing Zones (Free Trade Zones) (pg. 93-95) New International Division of Labor (95-99) ·What do we mean by Bifurcation of labor between first and third worlds? ·Emphasis on pg. 97-98 – Gendering the Global Labor Force Global Labor Force (pg. 100-105) ·Emphasis on “Lean Production” NACs (New Agricultural Countries) (pg. 109-110) Summary (pg. 115-116) McMichael Chapter 5 The New International Economic Order (pg. 120-123) ·OPEC (Oil Producing Counties – New Developing Countries) ·NIEO program characteristics (what theoretical perspective does this initiative represents?) ·Group of Seven (G-7) ·Group of 77 Banking, investments and development – Loans to developing countries (debt regime, debt management) (pg. 125-132) NOTES FROM MONDAY World-system theory – Immanuel Wallerstein. It is often associated with Dependency Theory is World System Theory. Both are related because they reject the idea of understanding development by looking at nation states and their internal characteristics. Nations are seen as open systems that are influenced by international exchange. Wallerstein takes a rather unorthodox view by suggesting that there is only one system, the capitalist would economy and those nations that participate are capitalist. Another element is to describe the international system as a class system where there are core nations [politically and militarily powerful] and periphery at the bottom of the international division of labor. Wallerstein is credited for added a middle class he called it semi-periphery. Wallerstein – core semi-periphery middle class, peripheral underdeveloped – core periphery Period of Primitive Pre-Agricultural: up to 800BC Period of World Empires: 800BC to 1500 AD Period of Capitalist:1500 to today Before 1500, there was world system. Wallerstein (1974): the world economy as a single system. Today we have one system: capitalism
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Article 21 – Iraq’s Civil War What is the Mahdi Army? The Shiite army that is very powerful, controlling much of Iraq. What are some options the Pentagon has to deal with Iraq? The terms are “Go Big”, “Go Home”, and “Go Long”; the definitions are on page 90, towards the bottom. “Go Big” calls for a major increase in the US troop presence to combat the cycle of sectarian and insurgent violence. “Go Home” calls for a quick withdrawal of US troops; it has been rejected by the Pentagon group as likely to push Iraq’s already bloody civil war into an even larger conflict that could be followed by the breakup of the country. General Abizaid, said that immediate US troop withdrawal would increase the general violence in Iraq, spilling into neighboring countries, and would have immediate negative
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soc3040 exam2 - McMichael Chapter 4 Articles 20-36...

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