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Soc 2000 3x5 index card test #4, chapter 12

Soc 2000 3x5 index card test #4, chapter 12 - parallels...

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Inoculation theory- offers insight into how techniques of neutralization can be countered. Hirshi- people who identify with scripts, values, and beliefs of dominant or mainstream groups are more likely to conform to their preferences. Innovation- people use unacceptable means in pursuit of a culturally acceptable goal such as monetary success (stealing). Rebellion- deviants who reject a culturally legitimate goal. Retreatism- dropout version of rebellion; buy into goals then change mind. Ritualism (goal displacement)- people in an org. become obsessed with rules. Blocked opportunities- people denied access to opportunity structures in a society. Conflict subculture- violence results from blocked opp. Criminal subculture- directly parallels Merton’s notion of innovation. Retreatist subculture-
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Unformatted text preview: parallels what Merton described as retreatism. Primary deviance (Lemert)-initial behavior that violates selected norms. Secondary deviance- deviant label causes someone to engage in future deviant acts. Law 1 st /2 nd advantage-1 st involve legitimacy, 2 nd involve power. Regulation/ordinance- less than law. UCR (uniform crime reports)-local and state data monthly and yearly basis; include index crimes , violent and property. NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey)- twice year, asks people if victim, crimes not reported to po’s. Blue line-unofficial police script; value and script that enforce loyalty to fellow officers over outsiders. Mandatory sentences- take away the amount of discretion that a judge may exercise when deciding upon sentence....
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