1 Hopperstad Hannah Hopperstad POS 205 International Relations Meyers 17 December 2018 The Insight of Cuba and U.S. Relations For over 50 years, an embargo placed by the United States on Cuba has been active due to their undemocratic leadership. Even though this embargo was placed since the Cold War, it still stands today. This ban on trade is not only problematic for the Cuban citizens and the Cuban economy, but also the U.S. economy. A change in policy is long overdue and Obama aided in loosening the embargo by allowing American citizens to travel to Cuba. Although, President Trump’s goals are the opposite, he wishes to make it more difficult for citizens to travel to Cuba. Since the foreign relations between Cuba and the U.S. include complications in regard to the historical background of the foreign country, Trump’s policy with Cuba, and Obama’s former policy with Cuba, the Trump administration should lift the embargo. Since the Cold War, Cuba and the United States have not been in the likes of each other due to how Cuba sided with the Soviet Union in their use of communism. The USSR-Cuban relationship began when Soviet Vice Premier Anastas Mikoyan visited Havana. This visit led to the trading relationship between Cuban sugar in exchange for Soviet oil ( PBS ). The reason being Cuban leader Fidel Castro was against America and pro Soviet Union. Castro was trying to get arms in support of his guerrilla campaign and the USSR was the perfect place to get assistance from. “Thanks to Castro and the KGB, the Soviet Union now had, for the first time in history, a foothold in Latin America,” ( - story/ ) 1 . Because Cuba has been a communist country ever since, America has gone through 1 Information has been removed from this link sometime after I cited it in this paragraph.
2 Hopperstad efforts to stop this leadership, and tension has built up to this very day with the relationship between Cuba and America. In 1959 Castro decided to overthrow the Dictator-President Fulgencio Batista, and wanted to decrease the American foothold that was currently in Cuba. “ American corporations and wealthy individuals owned almost half of Cuba’s sugar plantations and the majority of its cattle ranches, mines and utilities”( History.com ). Once Castro had secured relationship with the Soviet Union, America decided to declare the importation of Cuban sugar as prohibited, thus starting the separation of the two countries. The Bay of Pigs incident was only the start and in 1962 the missile crisis between Cuba and the U.S. began. On October 15th, 1962, American spy planes saw missile sites being built in Cuba by the Soviet Union ( “ Cuban Missile Crisis ” ). President Kennedy demanded for the cites to be dismantled, and also demanded an
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