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Midterm - The Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Midterm - The Mosque of Ibn Tulun - -More Square than...

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The Mosque of Ibn Tulun Cairo, Egypt Tulunid/Abbasid period, 870s - Ibn Tulun was sent to Cairo for the expansion of the Abbasid empire. - Style – This is the best copy of the Abbasid style of congregational mosques to survive. - Design – open space surrounding the mosque, use of rectangular brick piers instead of the columns used in earlier Egyptian mosques, and the spiral tower opposite the mihrab. - Partial Ziyada – tries to maintain proportions of the mosque of Samarra - Material – Built of bricks - Archways – pointed, leading into covered prayer hall - Fortification – on the bottom sets the structure apart from others
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Unformatted text preview: -More Square than Samarra – local influence-Central dome – added later, marks placement of mihrab, increasingly becomingceremoniously heightened-Purpose – build new congregational mosque-Condition – very well preserved, HUGE.-Represents the “mixed media” approach.-Minbar – taking shape as a major piece of furniture within the mosque-Stucco – carved stucco patterns and panels that covered all the walls and buildings in Samarra. Not carved marble (which is a Mediterranean tradition). The stucco is a link or bridge to greater Iran....
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