SY 101.docx - SY 101 Culture is something we donu2019t...

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SY 101 Culture is something we don’t notice until we learn about other cultures Nothing natural about culture “becomes a lens through which we perceive Symbolic culture; no material element to them, taken for granted, we assume we are “normal” Culture shock Ethnocentrism- judging other people’s cultures by our own standards “in group loy- alties vs discrimination” Cultural relativism - judge a culture by its own standards VALUES, NORMS AND SANCTIONS Values; what is desirable, by which they define good/bad, beautiful/ugly Norms: grow out of reflect values through social expectations or rules of behaviour Sanctions: positive or negative reactions to the ways in which people adhere to norms Brands and jewelry are desirable because WE make them important Folkways & Mores Folkways; norms that are not strictly enforced Mores; core to our values and demand conformity Tabo - a norm that is so strongly engrained that violation is greeted with revulsion Distinguish what norms/taboos are Subcultures and Countercultures Subculture; a world within a dominant culture Values, norms, food, religion, language or clothing may set them apart but subculture is largely compatible with the dominant society Countercultures: Values/norms are incompatible with dominant culture organized Crime, societies for men loving boys/girls not always negative but over-conformity (fundamentalist Chris- tian Groups seeking to politically impress their view of the world on all of us), still a destructive goal Anthro Robert Egerton Sick Societies
- judge by their people’s happiness, health, survival… elements of exploitation Female genital mutilation (FGM), gang rape, wife beating, selling daughters into prostitution *FGM - female circumcision, comprises all procedures involving partial/toal removal of external female genitalia Types 1,2,3,4,5 are used to make sure that the child a woman brings into the world during marriage is only the husbands Families allow FGM so that it…. Psychological reasons - to attenuate sexual desire in the female, maintain chastity and virginity before marriage and fidelity during marriage, and increase male sexual pleasure Sociological reasons; imitation of girls into womanhood, social integration and the maintenance of social cohesions, identification with the cultural heritage Hygiene and aesthetic reasons; female genitalia Rea soldiered dirty and unsightly and are to be removed to promote hygiene and provide aesthetic appeal Infants feel pain more than adults do Canada’s geography as share identity -lipset; revolutionary vs counter-revolutionary Monday, December 9, y CULTURE “the last thing a fish would ever notice would be water” culture is the same thing! Canada as “Pluralism/Pluralistic Society” • Comprised of multiple cultural, religious, racial, ethnic, special interest groups • Changes in national culture, more liberal attitudes • Texts spends a fair bit on differences between Quebec and the rest of Canada Notice Peoples in Canada:

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