AquinoRS L\u00fcckM Sch\u00e4nzelHA (2018) A conceptual framework of TSE for SCD_JHTM.pdf - A conceptual framework of tourism social entrepreneurship for

AquinoRS LückM SchänzelHA (2018) A conceptual framework of TSE for SCD_JHTM.pdf

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1 A conceptual framework of tourism social entrepreneurship for sustainable community development Richard S. Aquino * , Michael Lück, Heike A. Schänzel School of Hospitality and Tourism, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand Abstract The continuous search for responsible and sustainable practices in the tourism industry paves the way for alternative approaches to tourism development. Often, local communities are at the foreground of these innovative tourism entrepreneurship and development strategies. The emergence of social enterprises operating in tourism refocuses the agenda of engaging and developing disadvantaged and underdeveloped communities sustainably through the industry. Tourism social entrepreneurship (TSE) is suggested as a market-based strategy to address social problems whilst maximising the benefits and minimising the negative consequences that tourism may provide to host communities. To date, there is limited understanding of how TSE can be a catalyst for sustainable community development. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap in knowledge by conceptualising TSE as a more holistic strategy for sustainable community development. By critically analysing the literature, this paper situates TSE within and for community development. A conceptual framework that incorporates community development concepts, generic social entrepreneurship and TSE principles, and community capitals perspectives, is proposed. This conceptual paper contributes to the emerging literature on TSE and may assist the actors in the TSE system as they establish new community-centric social enterprises. Keywords : community capitals framework; community development; conceptual framework; social enterprise; social innovation; tourism social entrepreneurship 1. Introduction Communities, particularly those located in less-developed countries, are continuously faced with various social problems. The potential for tourism to drive economic growth makes it a relevant tool for developing low-income and underserved communities, and places these localities at the centre of tourism development (Scheyvens, 2002). Previous work implies that communities in need possess the necessary tourism assets, provide the local experiences that * Corresponding author WH526, AUT City Campus, 55 Wellesley St East, Auckland 1010 New Zealand Email address: [email protected] Note: This version is a pre-publication copy. Final version of this article was published in the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management and can be downloaded at
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