GOVT 421 Short Paper 3.docx - Principles of The...

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Principles of The ConstitutionHannah CagleGovernment 421-B02: American Constitutional HistoryJune 17, 2019
The Constitution of the United States is one of the most important documents, if not the most important document ever instituted in America. The Constitution set a precedent for how the United States was to operate, both on the local level and on the national level. Signed in 1787, the Constitution of the United States became the founding document that is still implemented and followed by Americans today. The Constitution followed the Declaration of Independence and set the foundation for America to be successful and thrive on her own. After examining and analyzing the Constitution, several key principles can be identified, as well as their relation to each other and their goals that the drafters of the Constitution wished to accomplish. Main Principles of the ConstitutionThere are seven main principles that demonstrated enough importance for the drafters of the Constitution to include them in the final draft of the Constitution. The first main principle of the Constitution is the principle of popular sovereignty.1According to Merriam Webster, popular sovereignty is “a doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the willof the people.2” In simpler terms, the power to control the government is ultimately vested in the citizens of the United States. By the citizens of the United States having control over their government, the government of the United States can truly be by the people and for the people. The drafters of the Constitution also included the principle of federalism in the final draft of the Constitution.The second main principle of the Constitution is the principle of federalism. According toEncyclopedia Britannica, federalism is a “mode of political organization that unites separate 1Boyle, Cynthia, 2001, “A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words,” James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Accessed June 14, 2019, .2Merriam-Webster Dictionary, s.v. “popular sovereignty,” accessed June 14, 2019, .2
states or other polities within an overarching political system in such a way as to allow each to maintain its own fundamental political integrity.3” By separating power between the states and the federal government, the Constitution allows for more localized issues to be taken care of by the localized government and for no one form of government to overpower another one in terms of the United States and the states within. Another principle that was included in the final draft ofthe Constitution is the principle of republicanism. The third main principle of the Constitution is the principle of republicanism.

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