Health_Medical_Care_08

Health_Medical_Care_08 - Health and the Role of Medical...

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Health and the Role of Medical Care PAM 435 January 24, 2008
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Join SAEPE Society for the Advancement of Excellence in Premedical Education MEET DOCTORS PREMEDICAL ADVICE MEETING WED. JAN. 30 MEETING WED. JAN. 30 th th Goldwin Smith Lewis Auditorium 6:30pm Goldwin Smith Lewis Auditorium 6:30pm
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Today’s Objectives 1)How has the health of the population changed over time? - length of life (quantity) - quality of life 1)How important has medical care been in improving population health relative to other factors?
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Source: Cutler, Deaton, and Lleras-Muney, 2006.
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18 th and 19 th Centuries: High Infant Mortality Due Largely to Rampant Infectious Diseases Economic growth and improvements in nutrition made children more resilient to these disease in the 1750 – 1850 era. Combination of poor nutrition and fact that children develop antibodies slowly made children particularly susceptible to: typhoid small pox cholera dysentery non-respiratory tuberculosis Source: Cutler, 2004.
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Argument for Importance of Nutrition 1848 England: 60% of deaths were due to infectious disease; by 1971, infectious disease mortality had decreased by 95%. Agricultural yields and caloric intake increased during 18 th century, and average adult height in Europe increased by 10 centimeters. Mortality is U-shaped in a person’s body mass index. Medical care and public health not likely to explain reductions before 1850. For example, mortality from tuberculosis fell 80% before there was any effective treatment for the disease. Source: Cutler, Deaton, and Lleras-Muney, 2006.
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Copyright ©2000 American Academy of Pediatrics Source: Guyer, B. et al. Pediatrics 2000; 106: 1307-1317.
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2008 for the course PAM 4350 taught by Professor Nicholson during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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Health_Medical_Care_08 - Health and the Role of Medical...

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