doughlas .pdf - BROKEN SPEARS u25cf NOV 8 1519 u25cb...

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BROKEN SPEARS NOV 8, 1519 Spanish conquistadors first entered the great city of Mexico The metropolis the Aztecs had built on a lake islands Cortes With 600 Spaniards and native allies Arrived at XOLOCO Welcomed as gods by last of Motecuhzomas Thought they were QUETZALCOATL and other gods This great civilization in pre-Columbian America has been recorded only by Spaniards Possible bias This book gives the indigenous version As early as 1528, 7 years after the fall of the city Indian chronicles described the beginning of the terrible slaughter perpetrated by Pedro de Alvarado in the patio of the main temples in Tenochtitlan CHAPTER 1- OMENS FORETELLING THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPANIARDS Ch 1-13 relate the events that began a few yrs before the Spaniards arrivals Icnocuicatl- songs of sorrow Passage from the. CODEX FLORENTINO (omens as described by sahagun informants Bad omen appeared in the sky 10 yrs before the spaniards 1. Fiery signal 1. Before the spaniards the people saw a strange wonder and took it to be an evil sign and portent 1. Wonder was a column of flame that burned in the night 2. The portent burnt for a year 2. Blood sacrifice when they thought a bad calamity was close 3. The 12 house is the name if the year in their reckoning was 1571 in spanish yr The temple of Huitzilopochtli burst into flames (sun god and god of war) 1. Name of divine site was Tlacateccan (house of authority) 1. Great confusion and shouting 2. Water did not help, it made it even bigger A temples was damaged by a lightning-bolt 1. Temple of Xiuhtecuhtli (fire god) 1. Built of straw in Tzonmolco 1. "blow from the sun" 2. Bolt fell with neither flash or thunder 3. Was seen as omen and miracle which boded evil Fire streamed through the sky while the sun was still shinning
1. Divided in 3 parts 2. Comets raced by 3 from west to east The wind lashes the water until it boils 1. Lake next to them 2. The lake of Mexico rose when there was no wind 3. Washed half the houses in the city 4. Water boiled till reaching a great height The people heard a weeping woman night after night 1. Drowned herself in tears 2. Oh my sons, we are lost, where can I hide you A strange creature was captured in the nets 1. Black bird 2. Fishermen/boatmen/ fowlers in the canoes trapped a dark feathered bird resembling a crane and took it to motecuhzoma so he could see it 3. Could see the stars of heaven in the diadem of the bird Monstrous beings appeared in the streets of the city 1. One body and 2 heads 2. They were called tlacantzolli- men squeezed together 3. These marvels augured their death and ruin 4. Signify the end of the world was coming and that other people would be created to inhabit the earth Sings observed in tlaxcala A brilliant white cloud that shone in the east every morning 3 hrs before sun rise A whirlwind of dust CHAPTER 2- FIRST REPORTS OF THE SPANIARDSS ARRIVAL

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