ANDY ZARATE (absent for far east soccer) The Cuban Missile Crisis Analysis Objective Why did the United States and Soviet Union come to the brink of nuclear war in 1962? Contextualization: Review the historical and geographical context below. Answer the analysis questions that follow each. Historical Context: 1947 - 1962 Following World War II, intense peace negotiations began. During these negotiations, tensions that had already existed between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified. By 1947, the distrust heightened between the United States and USSR leading to a conflict we now call the Cold War. The early Cold War was dominated by the United States following a plan of containment, as outlined in the Truman Doctrine. One of the key programs of this policy was the Marshall Plan for European Recovery. While the threat of nuclear warfare hovered over the Cold War, the Cold War rarely became “hot” (an exception being the Korean War from 1950 - 1953). In September 1962, United States planes flying over Cuba discovered the presence of several ballistic missiles. Throughout the month of October, the United States and the Soviet Union came the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war. Historical Context - Analysis Questions: 1) Which two major superpowers were at odds during the Cold War? The United States of America, and the Union Soviet of Socialist Republics. 2) Define / identify the following terms mentioned above: a) Truman Doctrine American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War b) Marshall Plan American initiative passed in 1948 to aid Western Europe, in which the United
States gave over $12 billion in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II c) Korean War Proxy war of the US and the Soviets, which led to the cease fire between the two koreas 3) What happened in September 1962? The United States flew a U-2 spy plane over cuba, discovering nuclear missiles capable of destroying any major city on the East Coast of the US. Geographical Context: Below are two maps of the Western Hemisphere & North American nations.
Geographical Analysis Question: 1) According to these maps - where is Cuba in relation to the United States? It’s below Florida, in Central America. Primary Source Document Analysis - Watch: JFK’s Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Soviet Arms Buildup in Cuba, October 22nd 1962. After watching the speech, read the excerpts below and answer the analysis questions that follow. Speech Analysis - Excerpt 1 (0:38 - 1:10, 1:37 - 3:00) This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet Military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island.
- Spring '18
- Mr. Williams