Radical Reconstruction - Radical Reconstruction Lesson Plan Central Historical Question Why was the Radical Republican plan for Reconstruction

Radical Reconstruction - Radical Reconstruction Lesson Plan...

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Radical Reconstruction Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why was the Radical Republican plan for Reconstruction considered “radical”? Materials : Reconstruction PowerPoint Copies of Thaddeus Stevens and Andrew Johnson Documents Copies of Radical Reconstruction Guiding Questions Plan of Instruction: 1. Focus Activity. Show students Slide 2: Focus Activity of the Radical Reconstruction PowerPoint. Students respond to following prompts in their notebooks: Describe this photograph. When and where do you think this photograph was taken? What are three things you think people living in this setting did in the years following the photograph? Debrief: This photograph was taken in April 1865 in Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States. Today you are going to learn about some of the major challenges that the United States faced after the Civil War. 2. Interactive mini-lecture. The purpose of this mini-lecture is to briefly review the Civil War and to then highlight the major issues of Reconstruction. Feel free to pause and lead a discussion on any of the questions in the PowerPoint. a. Slide 3: The Civil War, 1861-1865. The American Civil War was fought between the United States and the Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865. Disagreements about slavery were a central source of the increasing political unrest and disunity in the country that led to the war. These disagreements largely followed sectional lines. Many white Southerners, both slaveholding and not, supported slavery, while many
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Northerners opposed slavery. The United States defeated the Confederate States of America. b. Slide 4: Reconstruction Era, 1865-1877. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War between 1865 and 1877. John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate sympathizer, assassinated President Lincoln five STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu days after the supreme commander of the Confederate army surrendered. As Lincoln’s vice president, Andrew Johnson became the new president. Johnson was a Southern Democrat who opposed secession of the Confederacy but, compared to Northern Republicans, was relatively sympathetic to Southern states. Many people in Congress opposed Johnson. His biggest opponents were called Radical Republicans. “Radical” means extreme, and “radicals” typically want to see extreme changes in society. In the 1860s the Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South for the Civil War and supported equal rights for freedmen. c. Slide 5: Major Questions After the Civil War. Slides 5-8 further elaborate questions facing the nation after the Civil War and pose questions directly to students. Students may either respond to questions in their notebooks, in small groups, or together as a group in a discussion format. Some of the major questions following the Civil War included: i. How should the South be rebuilt?
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