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Assignment #2: Quality TopicHMGT 420HMGT 420 Quality Topic Research SummaryStudent Name
Quality TopicMedical ErrorsQuality Topic DescriptionMedical errors are described as preventable adverse effects of medical care that couldpose harmful effects to a patient. Medical errors are more commonly caused by human error. These errors are a result of incompetency, lack of education or experience, illegible handwriting, language barriers, incorrect documentation, negligence, and employee burnout or fatigue. Common medical errors are medicationerror, misdiagnosis, over or under treatment of a condition, and surgical error. These errors could result in long-term injury to the patient or death. In 2013, an estimated death rate of over 200,000 to over 400,000 were caused from medical error. However, this is just an estimate because healthcare facilities and providers are unwilling to admit their mistakes (Medical Scribe, n.d.). Not only do these errors effect the patients themselves, but the effects of these errors can be felt amongst family members/loved ones. The devastating loss of a loved one due to something that could have been prevented, makes it hard for families to come to terms with. Additionally, healthcare providers are faced with personal injury lawsuits against medical negligence. This in turn leads to a healthcare professional’s loss of license, possible jail time, loss of hospital accreditation, and reputation status (QlickSmart, n.d.)Legislation The HEALTH Act of 2005This law was passed with the intent to place multiple limits on liability claims. The HEALTH (Help Efficient, Accessible, Low-cost, Timely Healthcare) Law caps noneconomic damages due to malpractice suits at $250,000 for compensating patient injury, limits attorney contingency fees, and requires findings of malicious intent to support punitive damages. This law exempts any manufacturer and distributor of medical products if they are approved by the FDA (Jerrard, 2006). Essentially, this law was set into place to support voluntary reporting of any medical errors, so that quality issues can be resolved.