02.14 - 02.14.08 Peace and Conflict Studies 119...

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02.14.08 Peace and Conflict Studies 119 Draftinghumanrights.berkeley.edu/2008conference Notes: Cont “A Delicate Balance” -The Non-NPT States are legally in their right to develop nuclear weapons. How can you argue they can’t have or develop nukes? - jus cogens custom - hard to make as here is a group that has the right to have nuclear weapons - From 1970 to 1995 there was a small period of nothing happening Cold War then they had a conference every decade - 13 Steps, a lot of commitments ignored by US - In fact that in the 2008 Conference there was language of indefinite retention so then why should the NNWS keep to their own bargain and keep themselves from developing weapons - Revival Replacement Warhead Program: how reliable are these weapons without testing? But we know the consequences of testing possible continuation of testing -Core NPT Issues- see 2000 final document -Safeguards against Proliferation - Model Protocol Additional: safe-guard strengthening measures -“including NWC”: voluntary – offer safeguards agreements -Fissile Materials: Verification? Production moratorium? Conversion? - Materials used to make nuclear weapons
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- Issue nuclear weapon states do not have to let international organizations come in and check their stuff… it has to be voluntarily - there is a production moratorium declared by those who already have a lot: US, Russia -North South issue, north is first in the field and then tells south not to do it either -Conversion: use fissile material for fission in nuclear reactors-we increasingly see how US is using their stockpiles and using it in nuclear generating but there is an issue of fissile nuclear waste side product that is also radioactive for which we do not have a solution for -Nuclear – related dual-use (export controls) -There is a lot of equipment that can be used for military and energy factors. There has been no international treaties but Security Council has stressed weapons export control…there is a supplier agreement which is informal nonbinding and voluntary -issue of north and south and technology transfer: keeping the southern colonies
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