02.28 - PCS 119 02.28.08 Possible Response to Threat...

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PCS 119: 02.28.08 Possible Response to Threat: Unilateral (transparency, confidence- building measures, national regulatory commissions [Schwartz paper]) Multilateral (ex: WHO and OIE [ Office International des Epizooties] and their biosecurity guidelines (5); Australia Group) Guidelines = nonbinding so how efficient can it be? o OIE: international organization for animal health o Australia group- an informal agreement of 40 nations that have bio capabilities and they harmonize under the Australia Group-export control group Developing nations say there is a restriction on trade and therefore development—its is a power issue o Gentlemen agreements: Exclusive multilateralism: Australia Group (bio + chemical weapons), Nuclear Supplier group (nuclear materials), Waasenaar Arrangement (missile technology) Nonbinding o Treaties: goal for universal aspiration/membership it binds everyone However there is a challenge with universal targeting tool too many viewpoints and not enough time/ scope of participation is a real challenge (esp for nations that want nice and neat formats like the US)
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INCLUSIVE MULITALTERALISM: NPT, BWC, CWC Legal (treaties, SC Res 1540 [criminalization]) o SC Res 1540 : called upon all countries to criminalize WMD activities undertaken by nonstate actors ie so called terrorists o Q: if you are an attorney for state dept and you are asked to justify the Livermore bio defense how would you argue? (sample midterm question) State supported therefore do not go against the SC 1540 Military (interdiction, bio-defense) o Interdiction : military intervention you intervene for instance stopping boats, searching and seizing military materials (PSI proliferation security initiative—interdiction effort to force interdiction o But on international waters it is illegal you are not supposed to stop the ships sailing under the flag of another nation on the high sea o
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  • Spring '08
  • Cipolat
  • Nuclear weapon, Chemical warfare, Biological warfare, chemical weapons, Proliferation Security Initiative, Australia Group

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