This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 03.04.08 General purpose Criterion: Art. I in conjunction with Art. I I CWC- Art I prohibits “chemical weapons” without defining them- Art. I I defines “chemical weapons” (see also Cipolat 398- 413) o ALL Toxic chemical and their precursors (chemicals that can cause death, incapacitation or permanent harm to humans and animals) Munitions and devices (essentially delivery components) Equipment (essentially delivery components) • Except where intended for purposes not prohibited (general purpose or end-use criterion) • I t is the intended purpose that decides whether or not a chemical is an illegal weapon or a lawful substance • As long as types and quantities are consistent with such purposes (consistency criterion)- “Purposes not prohibited” / Art. I I. 9 (See Cipolat 408-409) o Industrial, agricultural, research, medical, pharmaceutical or other peaceful purposes [non-military application]; o Protective purposes …[dual-use application] o M ilitary purposes not connected with the use of chemical weapons…. [military application: rocket fuels, smoke-generation and the like]; o Law enforcement including domestic r iot control purposes [Art 1.5] o Note: The determination of the intended purpose is a SUBJECTIVE EVALUATION CRITERION- Toxic Chemicals and Precursors o Toxic: chemical action on life processes that can cause death, temp. incapacitation or permanent harm to humans or animals o All methods of production covered: synthetically or by living organisms (toxins) [Note overlap with BWC!] o Precursor: any chemical reactant used in production of a toxic chemical (somewhat redundant point) o Schedules 1-3: List particular chemicals in the CWC Annex and subject them to transfer and production restrictions: Schedule 1: barely any commercial application; stringent restriction reproduction, possession and transfer Schedules 2 and 3: increasing com mercial application; less stringent restrictions The Chemical Weapons Convention: History and Core Provisions- 20 years of negotiation within the context of the Conference of Disarmament...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PACS 119 taught by Professor Cipolat during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '08