09.27h - I II North American boundaries 1754 a The British...

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I. North American boundaries, 1754 a. The British claim for the land is quite small compared to those of the French and the Spanish (theyre huddled along the coast) i. French claim is huge from the Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains! ii. Formally in 1750’s, colonies: New France (Quebec), and Canada, and Louisiana (New Orleans) 1. Relatively major settlement 2. However the significant thing about these claims is that there are generally few French people there. iii. Spain has huge activity base in Mexico and Florida 1. There were more Spanish settlers compared to French settlers but still not that many, it was the English that sent people. b. Much of the boundary was disputed… Where Canada ended and New England began i. Ohio Valley is the sides on both sides of the Cohokia River (important area) ii. The Iroquois had defended their territory from a series of Indians… but on the maps you can see the Indians were along the coast concentrated 1. Boundaries among the Indians were also in dispute c. Importance of border disputes = there are many areas where wars can start, where people can start fighting over boundaries i. Conflict was sparked in what’s called: Pittsburg at Fort Duquesne II. Fort Duquesne i. Fight b/c of dispute between the British and the French ii. There were 3 main areas of the war: 1. Ohio Valley 2. Area around Montreal 3. Nova Scotia iii. Note: Fort Duquesne and Fort Necessity were very close to each other in physical proximity iv. Why did the war start at Fort Duquesne? 1. 1747, group of prominent Virginians led by the governor (Dimwitty) organized a landscaping company that had the backing of a few wealthy merchants. They had a land grant for land and a promise for more. However the GB did not control the land – the French and Indian did. To make this claim practical, the Virginia militia hastily built Fort necessity 40 mi away from Fort Duquesne. 2. French saw this as a threat. 3. 1753, Dimwitty sends Washington to deliver an ultimatum to the French to leave the area.
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a. The lands in the western part of the colony of Virginia are notoriously known to be the crown of GB. i. This was false in the view of the French and Pennsylvania, as well as the Delaware and Shawnee chiefs felt this land was theirs. ii. GW met Delaware and Shawnee chiefs to ask for help and they refused. iii. They did not highly esteem each other. 4. 1754 Dimwitty sends GW back with a somewhat larger army. GW asks the Delawares for help saying the only motive of the Virginia army was to disposess the land from the French and give it to the Delawares. Delawares don’t believe him. 5. In the battle that comes, GW quickly loses and surrenders. 6. So far it was a war between Virginia and France… However GB itself like the Delawares and Shawnees would not stay out that long.
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